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Kilis, Selcan; Yildirim, Zahide – Online Learning, 2019
Using the Community of Inquiry framework, this case study probes the posting patterns of students' social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence in an online learning setting. Using purposive sampling, qualitative data were collected from 91 students in the Department of Medical Documentary and Secretary, a fully online associate…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Teacher Student Relationship, Associate Degrees, Asynchronous Communication
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Olpak, Yusuf Ziya; Kiliç Çakmak, Ebru – Online Learning, 2018
The aim of this study was to describe the validity and reliability of a Turkish language version of the CoI survey developed by Arbaugh et al. (2008). Data were obtained from 1150 students enrolled in online courses in various departments in three Turkish state universities. The data were randomly divided into two parts: the first part was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Student Surveys