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Ryan, Sarah; Junker, Brian W. – Youth & Society, 2019
Through the development and field testing of an instrument designed to measure youth social capital in the context of postsecondary transitions, this research addresses the need for theory-driven measures of social capital among youth. The results offer preliminary evidence that dimensions of youth social capital, including network structure and…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Measurement Techniques, Social Networks, Student Adjustment
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Asakura, Kenta – Youth & Society, 2019
Sexual and gender diversity is an overlooked subject in resilience research. This study seeks to advance the conceptualization of resilience among lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) youth. Informed by social ecological theory of resilience, grounded theory analysis of interviews with service providers (n = 16) and LGBTQ youth (n =…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation, Sexual Identity, Resilience (Psychology)
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Quinn, Katherine; Dickson-Gomez, Julia; Broaddus, Michelle; Pacella, Maria – Youth & Society, 2019
Gang members are exposed to unique sexual risks, yet little work has explored the influence of gang social norms. This study examines the functions and meanings of sex within gangs, with a specific focus on the ways in which sex is used to reinforce gang membership and norms, gender roles, and group cohesion. We conducted 58 semi-structured…
Descriptors: Juvenile Gangs, Adolescents, Sexuality, At Risk Persons
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Peguero, Anthony A.; Merrin, Gabriel J.; Hong, Jun Sung; Johnson, Kecia R. – Youth & Society, 2019
A growing body of research is exploring the affects school disorder has on educational progress. It is also known that educational success and failure are linked to gender, racial, and ethnic disparities. Other issues, however, remain less explored. For example, how do perceptions of individual adolescents about disorder affect behavior? Or…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Dropouts, Longitudinal Studies, Racial Differences
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Hwang, NaYoung; Reyes, Marcela; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Youth & Society, 2019
Existing research on theories of intelligence shows that students with growth mindsets tend to outperform those with fixed mindsets in mathematics. We used nationally representative data to address two related questions in the general population: (a) Are there subgroup differences in the endorsement of a fixed mindset? (b) Does the negative…
Descriptors: World Views, Racial Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Minority Group Students
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Boyer, Cherrie B.; Greenberg, Lauren; Korelitz, James; Harper, Gary W.; Stewart-Campbell, Rachel; Straub, Diane; Sanders, Renata; Reid, Lisa-Henry; Futterman, Donna; Lee, Sonia; Ellen, Jonathan M. – Youth & Society, 2019
Few studies have examined sexual partnerships and HIV risk in diverse samples of African American/Black and Hispanic/Latino adolescent and young adult men who have sex with men (YMSM), a group that have a high burden of HIV in the United States. A community-venue recruitment approach was used, which identified significant differences in HIV risk…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Risk, Homosexuality, Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Chan, Heng Choon; Wong, Dennis S. W. – Youth & Society, 2019
Traditional school bullying and cyberbullying are growing concerns worldwide. Research has been devoted to understanding the etiology of bullying behaviors. Using a large sample of secondary school adolescents in Hong Kong (N = 1,893), this study explores gender differences in mean levels of traditional school bullying (i.e., physical and verbal…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Student Behavior
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Watson, Ryan J.; Grossman, Arnold H.; Russell, Stephen T. – Youth & Society, 2019
Disparities in psychosocial adjustment have been identified for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth, yet research that explores multiple sources of social support among subgroups of LGB youth is sparse. Social support theory is used as a framework to analyze the ways that different sources of support might promote better psychosocial adjustment…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation, Sexual Identity, Social Support Groups
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Decker, Martha J.; Gutmann-Gonzalez, Abigail; Lara, Diana; Brindis, Claire D. – Youth & Society, 2019
This article examines neighborhood-level factors to help explain why adolescent birth rate trajectories differ in certain communities in California, with rates in some areas remaining elevated or increasing while rates in other areas with similar demographic characteristics declined. Researchers conducted in-depth interviews with 94 community…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Birth Rate, Social Influences, Stakeholders
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Drummond, Holli; Dizgun, John; Keeling, David – Youth & Society, 2019
The present study evaluates adolescent gang involvement using cross-sectional survey data from 1,475 adolescents living in a disadvantaged Comuna in Medellin, Colombia. Specifically, we examine the prevalence of former and current gang membership, affiliation with gang members, and lives untouched by any gang association. Once these groups are…
Descriptors: Juvenile Gangs, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Disadvantaged
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Cheng, Yung-Hsun; Hsu, Shih-Lung – Youth & Society, 2019
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether gender traits have any influence on the awareness of cultural codes, the motivation of playing online games, and the degrees of commitment for primary school upper graders. Of 390 students surveyed in Taiwan, a total of 364 questionnaires were returned with 356 being considered valid. The main…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Gender Differences, Masculinity, Femininity
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Tomek, Sara; Bolland, Kathleen A.; Bolland, John M.; Hooper, Lisa M.; Church, Wesley T., II; Bolland, Anneliese C. – Youth & Society, 2019
While previous research has shown alcohol use to increase developmentally throughout adolescence, the age of alcohol initiation has rarely been incorporated into developmental trajectories. Simultaneous estimation of the effects of early alcohol initiation was made in relation to the recency and frequency of alcohol use utilizing a sample of 1,209…
Descriptors: Drinking, Adolescents, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups
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Lin, Wen-Hsu; Yi, Chin-Chun – Youth & Society, 2019
Family factors and adolescent life satisfaction have profound effects on later behavior. The present study examined the effects of family cohesion and life satisfaction on internalizing (depression and self-esteem) and externalizing (deviance) outcomes among adolescents. Moreover, this study also viewed internalizing outcomes as conduits that…
Descriptors: Family Relationship, Life Satisfaction, Foreign Countries, Depression (Psychology)
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Yildiz, Muhammed; Solakoglu, Özgür – Youth & Society, 2019
Using data from the 2008 Youth in Europe Survey, this study applies general strain theory of deviance to suicidal behaviors of Turkish adolescents. The effects of various socioenvironmental strains on suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt, including mediating effects of "negative affective states," are investigated. Results indicate…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Negative Attitudes, Emotional Response, Suicide
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Dumas, Tara M.; Davis, Jordan P.; Ellis, Wendy E. – Youth & Society, 2019
We examined the impact of adolescents' popularity motivations on their involvement in relational aggression perpetration and victimization, heavy drinking, and antiauthority behavior, while also considering the role of teens' perception of their own popularity and psychosocial adjustment. High school students (N = 986; 50% female; M[subscript age]…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents, Student Motivation, At Risk Students
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