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Brandt, Deborah – Written Communication, 1989
Reappraises conventional distinctions between oral-like and literate-like discourse, particularly Tannen's distinction between involvement focus and message focus. Treats message as an embodiment of involvement, and cohesion as an aspect of a developing writer-reader relationship. Offers speculations for rethinking "literate…
Descriptors: Cohesion (Written Composition), Discourse Analysis, Higher Education, Literacy
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Golden, Joanne M.; Vukelich, Carol – Written Communication, 1989
Uses de Beaugrande's concept analysis system to describe how 20 third graders employed narrative concepts at the local and global levels in written stories, and to assess the coherence of those stories. (SR)
Descriptors: Coherence, Cohesion (Written Composition), Elementary Education, Grade 3
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Nystrand, Martin – Written Communication, 1989
Outlines a social-interactive model of written communication, highlighting the writer's role in negotiations with readers in the medium of text. Reviews and challenges formalist and idealist theories of text meaning. Spells out the rules governing writers' moves by specifying a fundamental axiom and seven corollaries. (SR)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Interaction, Models, Reading Writing Relationship
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Gunnarsson, Britt-Louise – Written Communication, 1989
Relates problems of law text comprehensibility to the legislative writing process. Describes the drafting of three pieces of Swedish consumer legislation at different stages. Summarizes and analyzes the results in relation to rhetorical and sociolinguistic theories of writing. (SR)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Laws, Legislation
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Bernhardt, Stephen A.; And Others – Written Communication, 1989
Assesses the broad, measurable effects of using computers to teach introductory college composition, collecting data from 24 classes. Finds that students using computers revise and improve their posttest essays at significantly better levels than students writing with pen and paper. (SR)
Descriptors: College English, Computer Uses in Education, Freshman Composition, Postsecondary Education
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McGinley, William; Tierney, Robert J. – Written Communication, 1989
Proposes a view of literacy learning in which various forms of reading and writing are conceptualized as unique ways of thinking about and exploring a topic of study (analogous to a conceptual "landscape") en route to acquiring knowledge (best "traversed" from a variety of perspectives). (MS)
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Independent Study, Learning Processes, Literacy Education
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Windsor, Dorothy A. – Written Communication, 1989
Examines the processes an engineer goes through as he/she writes a routine and a non-routine document--processes that are strongly affected by the degree to which his/her company has previously accepted the claims he/she makes as given or as knowledge. Discusses the collaborative nature of work in an organization. (MS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Cooperation, Engineers, Organizational Communication
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Kaufer, David S.; Geisler, Cheryl – Written Communication, 1989
Discusses some parameters that account for changing assumptions about novelty across disciplinary communities. Argues that many of the insights required in a parameterized theory of newness have not yet made their way into theories of rhetoric or written composition. (MS)
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Authors, Creativity, Higher Education
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Hagge, John; Kostelnick, Charles – Written Communication, 1989
Demonstrates how auditors use negative politeness strategies to meet the complex demands of potentially threatening interactional situations. Substantiates the claim that politeness is a linguistic universal by showing that the same politeness strategies found in speech also occur in written communication. (MS)
Descriptors: Business Correspondence, Business Education, Business English, Discourse Analysis
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Durst, Russell K. – Written Communication, 1989
Contrasts the monitoring strategies secondary students employ in analytic and summary writing about reading. Finds that both high- and average-ability student writers employ a wide range of metacognitive strategies in writing, and that students vary those strategies both across writing tasks and at different points within the writing process. (MS)
Descriptors: Grade 11, Metacognition, Multivariate Analysis, Protocol Analysis
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Sledd, Andrew E.; Sledd, James H. – Written Communication, 1989
Examines the logic and rhetoric of E. D. Hirsch, Jr., in "Cultural Literacy." Attempts to answer the question of how intellectual failure guarantees success in the marketplace. Concludes with an alternative vision of the American society that Hirsch describes and the suggestion that Hirsch's cultural literacy is cross-cultural…
Descriptors: Cultural Education, Cultural Pluralism, Illiteracy, Literacy
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Schumacher, Gary M.; And Others – Written Communication, 1989
Investigates the types of processes used by journalistic writers when producing texts of varying constraints. Finds that news story writers paused more often and carried out more activities per writing session than did editorial writers, suggesting greater monitoring activity by news story writers. (MS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Editorials, Heuristics
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Smagorinsky, Peter – Written Communication, 1987
Discusses the work of Donald Graves, who has achieved wide recognition for propounding a method of teaching writing that stresses unstructured expression of personal experiences, using a case study of 16 children as his research base. Concludes that because Graves never considers negative evidence for his hypotheses, his work constitutes reportage…
Descriptors: Beginning Writing, Case Studies, Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education
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Duffy, Thomas M.; And Others – Written Communication, 1987
Examines production processes of five publication houses to determine how or if requirements for expertise in the subject area, writing, and design skills are being met. Interprets the production process for technical manuals in terms of a process model of writing and strategies for improving the quality of documentation. (SKC)
Descriptors: Documentation, Guides, Information Services, Process Education
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Stotsky, Sandra – Written Communication, 1987
Explores the contexts of the letters citizens send their legislators, focusing exclusively on their value. Suggests that the letters about political issues and personal concerns sent by citizens are of great value to both the writer and the reader. (SKC)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Responsibility, Community Relations, Interpersonal Communication
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