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Beauvais, Lucie; Favart, Monik; Passerault, Jean-Michel; Beauvais, Caroline – Written Communication, 2014
We investigated changes across grades in the cognitive demands associated with the organizing subprocess of writing. A total of 85 fifth (age M = 10.8), 88 seventh (age M = 12.9), and 79 ninth (age M = 14.6) graders composed either a procedural text or an expository description on a digital tablet, on the basis of a "scrambled ideas"…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Grade 7, Grade 9, Writing Processes
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Sheehy, Margaret – Written Communication, 2003
Standardization discourse is dominantly linked to tests; yet standardization occurs in practices of everyday social life, too. This research seeks to understand standardization processes involved in the writing done by a class of seventh grade students, half of whom did not do well in school or on tests. Acting as participant observer in a…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Participant Observation, Language Arts, Boards of Education