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Hetzner, Stefanie; Gartmeier, Martin; Heid, Helmut; Gruber, Hans – Vocations and Learning, 2011
Reflection on events at work, including errors is often as a means to learn effectively through work. In a cross-sectional field study in the banking sector, we investigated attitudes towards workplace errors (i.e. error orientation) as predictors of reflective activity. We assumed the organisational climate for psychological safety to have a…
Descriptors: Banking, Finance Occupations, Employee Attitudes, Work Attitudes
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Rupprecht, Maria; Strasser, Josef; Gruber, Hans; Harteis, Christian – Vocations and Learning, 2010
Team leaders are expected to adequately analyse team conflicts. Both content and analytical depth of cognitive processes determine team leaders' performance and are assumed to differ with level of expertise. A study is reported in which team leaders at four different levels of expertise (novices, semi-experts, experts, mediators) were compared in…
Descriptors: Teamwork, Leadership Responsibility, Conflict Resolution, Group Dynamics
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Harteis, Christian; Gruber, Hans – Vocations and Learning, 2008
This article argues that intuition is a crucial component of professional competence, and provides empirical evidence to support this claim. It was found that in most cases intuitive predictions of stock market development are better than rationally justified ones and that experts predict more precisely than novices on a descriptive data level.…
Descriptors: Expertise, Intuition, Investment, Prediction
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Gartmeier, Martin; Bauer, Johannes; Gruber, Hans; Heid, Helmut – Vocations and Learning, 2008
In this paper, we critically analyze how the concept of negative knowledge contributes to the understanding of professionals' expert practice and learning. Negative knowledge is experientially acquired knowledge about what is wrong and what is to be avoided during performance in a given work situation. In terms of its theoretical foundation, the…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Professional Education, Workplace Learning, Expertise