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Ward Randolph, Adah; Robinson, Dwan V. – Urban Education, 2019
This research explores the historical development of African American teacher and principal hiring and placement in Columbus, Ohio, from 1940 to 1980. In 1909, the Columbus Board of Education established Champion Avenue School creating a de facto segregated school to educate the majority of African American children and to employ Black educators.…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, African American Students, African American Community, Urban Areas
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McMillian, M. Monique; Fuller, Sarah; Hill, Zoelene; Duch, Kate; Darity, William A., Jr. – Urban Education, 2018
This study uses a North Carolina administrative data set to analyze racial segregation and student achievement in Wake County during race-based and income-based school assignment plans. We find a modest increase in the level of racial segregation in Wake schools during the income-based plan, but compared with other large districts in the state,…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, School Segregation, Student Placement, Socioeconomic Influences
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Rushing, Wanda – Urban Education, 2017
Few policies have affected American society as deeply as those related to the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision, "Brown v. Board of Education." Now, 60 years later, segregation persists along race and class divisions. This case study analysis of a merger that took place between 2010 and 2013 in Memphis and Shelby County,…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Civil Rights, Administrator Attitudes, Equal Education
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Carter, Prudence L.; Skiba, Russell; Arredondo, Mariella I.; Pollock, Mica – Urban Education, 2017
Racial/ethnic stereotypes are deep rooted in our history; among these, the dangerous Black male stereotype is especially relevant to issues of differential school discipline today. Although integration in the wake of "Brown v. Board of Education" was intended to counteract stereotype and bias, resegregation has allowed little true…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Stereotypes, Discipline, Desegregation Litigation
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Smith, Martin P.; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Brown, Anthony L. – Urban Education, 2017
Drawing from the lenses of critical race theory (CRT) and Pierre Bourdieu's notion of habitus, this article compares the Jackie Robinson story with the Brown versus Board of Education narrative. This juxtaposition illustrates the similarities of these narratives and how interests converged racially. By comparing these historical narratives, we…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, African Americans, Males
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Jackson, Tambra O.; Bryan, Michelle L.; Larkin, Melissa L. – Urban Education, 2016
Building upon research that theorizes and documents students' perceptions of race, racial attitudes, and treatment by teachers, this article explores the impact of resegregation on how children of Color see and experience race in schools, specifically in relation to their teachers. Drawing upon our interpretations of a White preservice teacher's…
Descriptors: White Students, Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes, Racial Attitudes
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Kucsera, John V.; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Orfield, Gary – Urban Education, 2015
Southern California is facing a demographic transformation that will become characteristic of the nation as a whole in coming decades. In this research, we present a historical review of the region's attempt to address school inequity, recent enrollment and segregation trends, and an investigation of whether segregation still matters. Our results…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Racial Segregation, Socioeconomic Status, English Language Learners
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Grooms, Ain A.; Williams, Sheneka M. – Urban Education, 2015
Magnet schools were originally created to attract a diverse student population. Using data from the 23 magnet schools in St. Louis, this longitudinal study is twofold: first, to review the performance outcomes of the magnet schools across a 5-year period, between 2005-2006 and 2009-2010, and second, to examine whether the magnet schools are…
Descriptors: Magnet Schools, Longitudinal Studies, School Effectiveness, Program Effectiveness
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Horsford, Sonya Douglass – Urban Education, 2011
The purpose of this article is to extend the growing counternarrative in education research concerning the negative consequences of school desegregation and its implications for urban education, educational leadership, and policy reform in the post-Civil Rights Era. Guided by qualitative and historical research methods, this article presents the…
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Desegregation, Urban Education, African Americans
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Hughes, Sherick – Urban Education, 2011
This article uses critical theoretical methods to reconsider the potential of "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka" in urban education. It finds "Brown" as a potentially useful tool for coconstructing critical race pedagogy of hope that involves (a) Socratic questioning of the endemic nature of racism and power dynamics of…
Descriptors: Urban Education, Public Education, Critical Theory, Race
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McPherson, Ezella – Urban Education, 2011
For over a century after the 1896 "Plessy v. Ferguson" decision, researchers have been grappling with how to effectively implement educational reform policies to provide students with an equal education in American schools. This literature review examines previous school desegregation cases and school desegregation plans to investigate…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Desegregation Plans, Equal Education, Educational Change
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Frederick, Rona M.; View, Jenice L. – Urban Education, 2009
Over 50 years after the monumental decision of "Brown v. Board of Education," many U.S. schools remain separate and unequal. This includes schools in the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. The article discusses how in the two centuries of public education in Washington, D.C., Black educators used a variety of subversive tactics to…
Descriptors: Educational History, Urban Schools, African American Education, African American Teachers
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Gadsden, Vivian L.; And Others – Urban Education, 1996
Examination of the social contexts and circumstances leading to the Brown versus Board of Education decision (1954) and subsequent events reveals that in spite of the promises of school desegregation, repressed learning opportunities continue for African American children. Changes brought by desegregation have been too fragmented and isolated.…
Descriptors: Black Students, Court Litigation, Desegregation Effects, Educational Change