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Showing 166 to 180 of 289 results Save | Export
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Knight, Sue; Collins, Carol – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
In this article we argue for the necessity of far-reaching change in school curricula and pedagogy. More particularly, we argue that developing students' understanding and engagement in the disciplines which make up the school curriculum requires an unearthing of the philosophical issues underlying science, mathematics, the arts, geography,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Instructional Development, Curriculum Development, Ethics
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Jacobs, Lesley A. – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Two approaches to making judgments about moral urgency in educational policy have prevailed in American law and public policy. One approach holds that educational policy should aspire to realizing equal opportunities in education for all. The other approach holds that educational policy should aspire to realizing adequate opportunities in…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Public Policy, Educational Policy, Financial Support
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Goodman, Joan – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
The widespread disaffection of students from school is manifested in academic failure, indifference, and defiance. These problems can be alleviated, I argue, when an authority structure is developed that combines three components--freedom, power, and legitimacy. Authority understood as either power or freedom is apt to subvert students' school…
Descriptors: Social Attitudes, Social Influences, Student Attitudes, Student Participation
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Marsh, Charles – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Five years ago in "Theory and Research in Education", James R. Muir fired a new salvo in the debate regarding the merits of Isocrates' educational program, a controversy that has endured for more than two millennia. Was the Isocratean program misguided and lowbrow, as in the estimations of Plato and Aristotle--or was it the most successful program…
Descriptors: Liberal Arts, Philosophy, Literature, Outcomes of Education
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Schinkel, Anders; de Ruyter, Doret; Steutel, Jan – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
The development of autonomy in children is a central concern of liberal philosophers of education. We endorse the liberal intuition that autonomy matters and that it is an appropriate aim of education. However, we divert from autonomy liberals, who defend a rather limited and demanding conception of autonomy that is closely connected with skills…
Descriptors: Children, Personal Autonomy, Educational Philosophy, Religious Education
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Blokhuis, J. C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Proponents of "homeschooling" routinely claim it is legal for parents to rear their children as they see fit. This view ignores the "parens patriae" doctrine--the primary legal basis for the judicial regulation of custody and the legislative enactment of compulsory schooling laws for the benefit of all children. This article…
Descriptors: Home Schooling, Foreign Countries, North Americans, Educational Attainment
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Strike, Kenneth – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
This article looks at charter schools from the perspective of distributive justice. It suggests three principles of distributive justice that should be satisfied by schools: the adequacy principle, the equity principle, and the communicative principle. "It also sketches the justice argument for charter schools and uses the three principles to…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Restructuring, Social Justice, School Choice
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Hochschild, Jennifer L.; Cropper, Porsha – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
While Canada is often described as the most and France as one of the least successful countries in the realm of immigrant incorporation, the question remains unresolved of how to evaluate a country's policies for dealing with immigration and incorporation relative to that of others. Our strategy is to examine the relationships among (1) countries'…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Immigration, Immigrants
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Weithman, Paul – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Justice is often thought to require that students receive educations that are, in some important sense, equal. I lay out, and raise questions about, an argument that seems to support this conclusion. The questions I raise about the argument suggest that what justice requires is not equality, but adequacy, of education. More specifically, I contend…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Justice, Student Motivation, Beliefs
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Mayer, Susan E. – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Children of affluent parents get more schooling than children of poor parents, which seems to imply that reducing income inequality would reduce inequality in schooling. Similarly, one of the best predictors of an individual's income is his educational attainment, which seems to imply that reducing inequality in schooling will reduce income…
Descriptors: Family Income, Educational Attainment, Correlation, Equal Education
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Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Soenens, Bart; Verstuyf, Joke; Lens, Willy – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
Various motivational frameworks converge to suggest that highlighting the relevance of a learning activity yields benefits for students' learning and performance. Herein, we review a set of studies grounded in self-determination theory's distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic goals, which show that the beneficial effect of a learning…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Cognitive Structures, Relevance (Education), Learning Activities
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Chirkov, Valery I. – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
In this article I highlight recent (published after 2000) cross-cultural studies on the role of autonomous academic motivation and autonomy support in students' cognitive and psychological development. The self-determination theory (SDT) thesis of a universal beneficial role of autonomous motivation is supported by numerous empirical results from…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Social Theories, Cross Cultural Studies, Role
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Pelletier, Luc G.; Sharp, Elizabeth C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
The purpose of the present article is to review the contextual conditions that lead teachers to be more controlling rather than autonomy supportive with their students. Research indicates that the more teachers perceive that school administration thwarts their autonomy by imposing pressures on them, the less autonomous they are in their motivation…
Descriptors: School Administration, Professional Autonomy, Context Effect, Teaching Styles
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Niemiec, Christopher P.; Ryan, Richard M. – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that inherent in human nature is the propensity to be curious about one's environment and interested in learning and developing one's knowledge. All too often, however, educators introduce external controls into learning climates, which can undermine the sense of relatedness between teachers and students,…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Student Motivation, Psychological Needs, Personal Autonomy
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Assor, Avi; Kaplan, Haya; Feinberg, Ofra; Tal, Karen – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
We propose that self-determination theory's conceptualization of internalization may help school reformers overcome the recurrent problem of "the predictable failure of educational reform" (Sarason, 1993). Accordingly, we present a detailed learning and implementation structure to promote teachers' internalization and application of ideas and…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Self Determination, Values, Adjustment (to Environment)
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