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Westphal, Kenneth R. – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
Moral particularism, defined as the view that moral judgment does not require moral principles, has become prominent both in moral philosophy and in philosophy of education. This article re-examines Nussbaum's case for particularism, based on Sophocles' "Antigone", because her stress on sensitive appreciation of circumstantial specifics is…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Value Judgment, Liberal Arts, Moral Development
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Spiegel, James S. – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
Among those who regard open-mindedness as a virtue, there is dispute over whether the trait is essentially an attitude toward particular beliefs or toward oneself as a believer. I defend William Hare's account of open-mindedness as a first-order attitude toward one's beliefs and critique Peter Gardner's view of open-mindedness as a non-commital…
Descriptors: Intellectual Development, Beliefs, Attitudes, Epistemology
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Aikman, Sheila; Rao, Nitya – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
The article draws on qualitative educational research across a diversity of low-income countries to examine the gendered inequalities in education as complex, multi-faceted and situated rather than a series of barriers to be overcome through linear input-output processes focused on isolated dimensions of quality. It argues that frameworks for…
Descriptors: Females, Educational Quality, Community Involvement, Teacher Supply and Demand
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Spiteri, Damian – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
This qualitative study presents a retrospective analysis of how a cohort of young men, who as boys were assigned to residential care in Malta, perceive the citizenship education that they received while "in care" as having empowered them--as boys, adolescents, and eventually as young adults. Rather than focusing on citizenship education…
Descriptors: Residential Care, Citizenship, Educational Objectives, Citizenship Education
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Oduro, Georgina Yaa; Swartz, Sharlene; Arnot, Madeleine – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
Using a social ecological approach (Bronfenbrenner) to violence and including Hobsbawm's historical analysis of the collective uses of violence, this article shows how gender-based violence is experienced and used. Drawing on three distinct studies in Ghana, Kenya and South Africa, it shows the commonalities and divergence of young people's…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Females, Foreign Countries, Young Adults
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Unterhalter, Elaine – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
The article considers the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) concerned with poverty, education and gender (MDG 1, MDG 2 and MDG 3). Despite considerable achievements associated with the MDG approach, which entails international and national target setting and monitoring, a sharp distinction between areas of social policy is entailed. In addition…
Descriptors: Poverty, Access to Education, Sex Fairness, Social Justice
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Manion, Caroline – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
Gender equality in education has become a highly embedded norm in global development policy, as well as within the poverty reduction and national development policies of aid recipient countries. Despite such progress, however, we know little about the significance of competing gender equality and education policy orientations (e.g., human capital,…
Descriptors: Females, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Human Capital
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Lewis, Christopher – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
The most common lay explanation for the racial gap in educational achievement in the US is the "oppositional culture hypothesis", which holds that Black students tend to undervalue education and stigmatize their high-achieving peers, accusing them of "acting White". Many believe that, insofar as this hypothesis is true, Black…
Descriptors: African American Students, Educational Opportunities, Resistance (Psychology), Educational Attitudes
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Darby, Derrick – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Some political philosophers have recently argued that providing K-12 students with an adequate education suffices for social justice in education provided that the threshold of educational adequacy is properly understood. Others have argued that adequacy is insufficient for social justice. In this article I side with the latter group. I extend…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Social Justice, Equal Education, Grades (Scholastic)
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Ladenson, Robert F. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
This article presents a moral analysis of the limitations upon legitimate authority to suspend and expel students in K-12 public schools, and it brings this analysis to bear on a pair of difficult disciplinary cases. The analysis is grounded in a defense of a child's right to receive a public education. It identifies the minimum content of that…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Childrens Rights, Public Education
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Elgin, Catherine – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
An overarching epistemological goal of science is to develop a comprehensive, systematic, empirically grounded understanding of nature. Two obstacles stand in the way: (1) Nature is enormously complicated. (2) Findings are fallible: no matter how well established a conclusion is, it still might be wrong. To pursue this goal in light of the…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Ethics, Science Education, Scientific Principles
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Morton, Jennifer M. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Political liberalism, conceived of as a response to the diversity of conceptions of the good in multicultural societies, aims to put forward a proposal for how to organize political institutions that is acceptable to a wide range of citizens. It does so by remaining neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good while giving all citizens a…
Descriptors: Political Attitudes, Higher Education, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities
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Buchanan, Allen – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Cognitive enhancement--augmenting normal cognitive capacities--is not new. Literacy, numeracy, computers, and the practices of science are all cognitive enhancements. Science is now making new cognitive enhancements possible. Biomedical cognitive enhancements (BCEs) include the administration of drugs, implants of genetically engineered or…
Descriptors: Biomedicine, Cognitive Processes, Technological Advancement, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Kitcher, Philip – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Ideally, public knowledge should encapsulate the achievements of millennia of inquiry, making them available to individuals and groups for the promotion of their various ends. I explore the ways in which the actual situation fails to live up to this ideal. Our investigations are not always directed towards the questions of most concern to most…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Knowledge Level, Democracy, Expertise
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Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; Kiyama, Judy Marquez; Gravitt, Michael; Moll, Luis C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Educational researchers have assumed that the concept of funds of knowledge is related to specific forms of capital. However, scholars have not examined "if" and "how" these theoretical frameworks can complement each other when attempting to understand educational opportunity for under-represented students. In this article, we argue that a funds…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Educational Opportunities, Disproportionate Representation, Educational Researchers
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