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Showing 1 to 15 of 60 results Save | Export
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Cantu, Gerald C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2019
Secondary education schools in the United States routinely distribute differential educational provisions to students through a widely implemented tracking system. This article aims to show that this tracking system is unjust. It begins with a characterization of the tracking system as it is typically implemented in the United States, and its…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Secondary Education, Equal Education, Social Justice
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Felder, Franziska – Theory and Research in Education, 2019
Accounts of inclusive education that locate the concept of inclusion within theories of individual rights face two problems. The first problem, called 'the dilemma of identity', assumes that on one hand we need communities to develop and ensure a sense of identity and a feeling of social inclusion, whereas on the other hand, inclusion is only…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Access to Education, Equal Education, Identification (Psychology)
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Merry, Michael S.; Arum, Richard – Theory and Research in Education, 2018
Selection within the educational domain breeds a special kind of suspicion. Whether it is the absence of transparency in the selection procedure, the observable outcomes of the selection, or the criteria of selection itself, there is much to corroborate the suspicion many have that selection in practice is unfair. And certainly as it concerns…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Competitive Selection, Equal Education, Public Schools
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Joyce, Kathryn E.; Cartwright, Nancy – Theory and Research in Education, 2018
The United States considers educating all students to a threshold of adequate outcomes to be a central goal of educational justice. The No Child Left Behind Act introduced evidence-based policy and accountability protocols to ensure that all students receive an education that enables them to meet adequacy standards. Unfortunately, evidence-based…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Social Justice, Educational Policy, Accountability
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Giesinger, Johannes – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
The philosophical debate on educational justice currently focusses on the Anglo-American situation. This essay brings in an additional perspective. It provides a justice-oriented critique of the segregated education systems in German-speaking countries. First, arguments that are commonly put forward in favour of these systems are rejected. Second,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Equal Education, Justice, School Segregation
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Martin, Christopher – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
As governments shift costs from the public to students, a higher education has become synonymous with educational debt. Liberal egalitarians have justified educational debt on the grounds that it facilitates socioeconomic equality. On this view, the public should only fund access for those students who are so poorly off that educational debt would…
Descriptors: Paying for College, Educational Finance, Higher Education, Debt (Financial)
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O'Brien, David – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
Many egalitarians believe that there is a pro tanto reason to remedy inequalities of opportunity in access to higher education. This consensus, I argue, masks practical disagreement among egalitarians: in many real-world choice contexts, egalitarians will disagree about which policies are to be endorsed, both from the point of view of equality and…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Higher Education, Access to Education
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Voigt, Kristin – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
Are scenarios in which disadvantaged students prefer not to attend (certain) universities a concern from the perspective of an egalitarian theory of justice? I consider this question from the respective perspectives of two prominent approaches to equality: distributive theories, which focus on the fairness of inequalities in outcomes, and…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Equal Education, Educational Theories, Disadvantaged
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Espindola, Juan – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
This article examines the debate between equity theorists (Adam Swift and Harry Brighouse) and adequacy theorists (Elizabeth Anderson and Debra Satz) over elite private schooling and productivity. It challenges the view, presupposed but never defended by adequacy theorists, that private schools can be justified on social productivity grounds, that…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Productivity, Justice, Equal Education
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Ben Shahar, Tammy Harel – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
This article examines the effects of incorporating information and communication technologies in schools in terms of distributive justice. To do so, four issues that are central to educational justice are discussed: scarcity of resources, the positional nature of education, peer effects, and biases in educational decision-making. The discussion…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Information Technology, Data Analysis, Data Collection
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Burroughs, Nathan A. – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In this article, I critique the foremost proponents of the adequacy and equity approaches to educational equality. I identify tensions within the adequacy approach related to positionality in education, fostering a democratic elite through higher education, and its defense of private schooling. In contrast, equity theorists are vulnerable to the…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Justice, Educational Theories, Role of Education
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Lazenby, Hugh – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
There is widespread disagreement about what equality of opportunity in education requires. For some it is that each child is legally permitted to go to school. For others it is that each child receives the same educational resources. Further interpretations abound. This fact presents a problem: when politicians or academics claim they are in…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Definitions, Values
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Brighouse, Harry; Ladd, Helen F.; Loeb, Susanna; Swift, Adam – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
This article articulates a framework suitable for use when making decisions about education policy. Decision makers should establish what the feasible options are and evaluate them in terms of their contribution to the development, and distribution, of educational goods in children, balanced against the negative effect of policies on important…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Theories
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Callan, Eamonn – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
Two appealing principles of educational distribution--equality and sufficiency--are comparatively assessed. The initial point of comparison is the distribution of civic educational goods. One reason to favor equality in educational distribution rather than sufficiency is the elimination of undeserved positional advantage in access to labor…
Descriptors: Democracy, Democratic Values, Citizenship, Civil Rights
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Shores, Kenneth; Loeb, Susanna – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
Educators, policymakers, and citizens face questions of how to allocate scarce resources in the pursuit of competing goals for children and youth. Our goal in this article is to provide decision-makers with a framework for considering allocative problems in education, explicitly highlighting the implications of relevant feasibility constraints. We…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, Educational Resources, Decision Making, Community Involvement
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