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O'Brien, David – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
Many egalitarians believe that there is a pro tanto reason to remedy inequalities of opportunity in access to higher education. This consensus, I argue, masks practical disagreement among egalitarians: in many real-world choice contexts, egalitarians will disagree about which policies are to be endorsed, both from the point of view of equality and…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Higher Education, Access to Education
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Voigt, Kristin – Theory and Research in Education, 2017
Are scenarios in which disadvantaged students prefer not to attend (certain) universities a concern from the perspective of an egalitarian theory of justice? I consider this question from the respective perspectives of two prominent approaches to equality: distributive theories, which focus on the fairness of inequalities in outcomes, and…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Equal Education, Educational Theories, Disadvantaged
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Burroughs, Nathan A. – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In this article, I critique the foremost proponents of the adequacy and equity approaches to educational equality. I identify tensions within the adequacy approach related to positionality in education, fostering a democratic elite through higher education, and its defense of private schooling. In contrast, equity theorists are vulnerable to the…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Justice, Educational Theories, Role of Education
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Lazenby, Hugh – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
There is widespread disagreement about what equality of opportunity in education requires. For some it is that each child is legally permitted to go to school. For others it is that each child receives the same educational resources. Further interpretations abound. This fact presents a problem: when politicians or academics claim they are in…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Definitions, Values
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Meyer, Kirsten – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
This paper reveals how equal educational opportunities, equal job opportunities and equality of opportunity for welfare are related to each other, and how they are related to other demands for justice. There are several important objections to the emphasis on equal educational opportunities. Nevertheless, this paper shows that demanding equal…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Social Justice
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Temkin, Larry S. – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
The ideal of equality of opportunity plays an important role in contemporary social and political discourse, and it is one of the few ideals which most people, across the political spectrum, accept. In this article, I argue that the seemingly widespread agreement about the value of equal opportunity is more apparent than real. I distinguish…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Affirmative Action, Quality of Life
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Kluttz, Jenalee – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
Cambodia has experienced rapid economic growth in the last two decades, improving living standards and diminishing poverty. Unfortunately, it has failed to do so evenly. Growth within the country has widened the gap between rich and poor and exacerbated the rural/urban divide. This inequality is mirrored in the school system. Inequality within the…
Descriptors: Child Labor, Foreign Countries, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education
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Anderson, Elizabeth – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
This article criticizes the view that, if cultural factors within the black community explain poor educational outcomes for blacks, then blacks should bear all of the disadvantages that follow from this. Educational outcomes are the joint, iterated product of schools' responses to students' and parents' culturally conditioned conduct. Schools are…
Descriptors: African American Community, Race, Educational Objectives, Low Achievement
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Ben-Porath, Sigal – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
This article examines the rationales for school choice, and the significance of choice mechanisms for racial disparities in educational opportunities and outcomes. It identifies tensions between liberty-based rationales and equality-based rationales, and surveys research findings on the outcomes of school choice policies, especially with regard to…
Descriptors: School Choice, Racial Composition, Educational Opportunities, Outcomes of Education
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Satz, Debra – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
This article compares a demanding conception of educational adequacy with the Rawlsian idea of fair equality of opportunity. It defends fair equality of opportunity against criticisms, but argues that it needs to be explicitly anchored in a theory of equal citizenship. (Contains 11 notes.)
Descriptors: Public Policy, Racial Differences, Social Class, Comparative Analysis
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Lewis, Christopher – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
The most common lay explanation for the racial gap in educational achievement in the US is the "oppositional culture hypothesis", which holds that Black students tend to undervalue education and stigmatize their high-achieving peers, accusing them of "acting White". Many believe that, insofar as this hypothesis is true, Black…
Descriptors: African American Students, Educational Opportunities, Resistance (Psychology), Educational Attitudes
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Ladenson, Robert F. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
This article presents a moral analysis of the limitations upon legitimate authority to suspend and expel students in K-12 public schools, and it brings this analysis to bear on a pair of difficult disciplinary cases. The analysis is grounded in a defense of a child's right to receive a public education. It identifies the minimum content of that…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Childrens Rights, Public Education
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Morton, Jennifer M. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Political liberalism, conceived of as a response to the diversity of conceptions of the good in multicultural societies, aims to put forward a proposal for how to organize political institutions that is acceptable to a wide range of citizens. It does so by remaining neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good while giving all citizens a…
Descriptors: Political Attitudes, Higher Education, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities
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Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; Kiyama, Judy Marquez; Gravitt, Michael; Moll, Luis C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Educational researchers have assumed that the concept of funds of knowledge is related to specific forms of capital. However, scholars have not examined "if" and "how" these theoretical frameworks can complement each other when attempting to understand educational opportunity for under-represented students. In this article, we argue that a funds…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Educational Opportunities, Disproportionate Representation, Educational Researchers
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Callan, Eamonn – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Teachers sometimes shut students up for the sake of civility. My question is whether silencing for the sake of civility can be morally justified when a student derogates fellow students as members of some widely stigmatized group, and the offending speech is not for any further reason to be deplored, for example, as a personally targeted insult.…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Communication, Intellectual Freedom
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