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Maxwell, Bruce; Waddington, David I.; McDonough, Kevin – Theory and Research in Education, 2019
Why do society and the courts so readily recognize university and college teachers' academic freedom but just as readily deny primary and secondary school teachers the same right? To investigate this question, this article considers teachers' work in light of the standard justifications for granting academic freedom in higher education: that…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Higher Education
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Tamir, Yuli – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
This article argues that in divided societies, civic education fails to fulfill one of its most important social role: creating a more inclusive society that allows a democratic dialogue to flow across different ideological, religious, and cultural communities. This failure is grounded in two main reasons. First, civics teachers are socially and…
Descriptors: Civics, Social Studies, Politics of Education, Social Influences
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Matthews, Michael R. – Theory and Research in Education, 2014
This article concentrates on the necessity for teachers in just one discipline area, namely, science, having philosophical competence and using it to inform their professional life--in their classroom teaching, assessing and institutional engagements--in other words, having a philosophy of science teaching. This group of questions and issues might…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Pena-Rangel, David – Theory and Research in Education, 2013
Most societies today are culturally diverse. Increasingly, minority groups are demanding recognition and self-governing rights to protect their ways of life against that of the majority. These demands represent a serious challenge for the state: how is it to balance between the equally legitimate claims of the many cultures inhabiting its…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Minority Groups, Citizenship Education
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Lewis, Christopher – Theory and Research in Education, 2012
The most common lay explanation for the racial gap in educational achievement in the US is the "oppositional culture hypothesis", which holds that Black students tend to undervalue education and stigmatize their high-achieving peers, accusing them of "acting White". Many believe that, insofar as this hypothesis is true, Black…
Descriptors: African American Students, Educational Opportunities, Resistance (Psychology), Educational Attitudes
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Levinson, Meira – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
Educational standards, assessments, and accountability systems are of immense political moment around the world. But there is no developed theory exploring the role that these systems should play within a democratic polity in particular. On the one hand, well-designed standards are public goods, supported by assessment and accountability…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Accountability
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Stitzlein, Sarah M. – Theory and Research in Education, 2011
One central aspect of a healthy democracy is the practice of democratic dissent. For the first time in many years, dissent is being widely practiced in town hall meetings and on street corners across the United States. Despite this presence, dissent is often suppressed or omitted in the prescribed, tested, hidden, and external curriculum of US…
Descriptors: Democracy, Civics, Dissent, Role
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Hochschild, Jennifer L.; Cropper, Porsha – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
While Canada is often described as the most and France as one of the least successful countries in the realm of immigrant incorporation, the question remains unresolved of how to evaluate a country's policies for dealing with immigration and incorporation relative to that of others. Our strategy is to examine the relationships among (1) countries'…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Immigration, Immigrants
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Mayer, Susan E. – Theory and Research in Education, 2010
Children of affluent parents get more schooling than children of poor parents, which seems to imply that reducing income inequality would reduce inequality in schooling. Similarly, one of the best predictors of an individual's income is his educational attainment, which seems to imply that reducing inequality in schooling will reduce income…
Descriptors: Family Income, Educational Attainment, Correlation, Equal Education
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Kunzman, Robert – Theory and Research in Education, 2009
Drawing from six years of qualitative research, this article analyzes the broad range of proposed and existing homeschool regulations throughout the United States. It argues that current homeschool regulations--and most proposals for how to improve them--misjudge the complexity of such an endeavor; state resources are misused and the basic…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Home Schooling, Interests, Basic Skills
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Schrag, Francis – Theory and Research in Education, 2008
To what extent is the design of American schooling adapted to the lofty aspirations educators have enunciated during the last century? I first enumerate these aspirations as well as the basic design of schooling; then I evaluate the match. After highlighting the limitations of the basic design, I point to some alternative settings offering greater…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Goal Orientation, Alignment (Education), Educational Assessment
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Wingo, Ajume – Theory and Research in Education, 2007
The practical power of appeals to patriotism implies that patriotism in one form or another is here to stay. As such, arguments for the repudiation of patriotism cannot avoid seeming a bit utopian or ethereal. Practically speaking, we cannot repudiate patriotism and still have effective functioning states. To that end, political philosophers…
Descriptors: Patriotism, Democratic Values, Terrorism, Social Capital
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Fitzsimons, Peter – Theory and Research in Education, 2006
This article explores some features of an international "third way" movement which, in theory and in practice, impacts on centuries-old traditions of communal life and the belief in autonomous agency--traditions which motivate individual participation in society and underpin liberal conceptions of education. The article uncovers some of…
Descriptors: Social Life, Democracy, Educational Change, Foreign Countries