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Bischoff, Kendra – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In concert with policy trends, theory and research on the ways in which school context affects student outcomes have focused almost exclusively on academic achievement in recent years. Given the fundamental role that schools should play in civic education, and the potential for schools to affect civic equality, more empirical and theoretical…
Descriptors: Civics, School Role, Theories, Hypothesis Testing
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Bischoff, Kendra; Shores, Kenneth – Theory and Research in Education, 2014
Education policy decisions are both normatively and empirically challenging. These decisions require the consideration of both relevant values and empirical facts. Values tell us what we have reason to care about, and facts can be used to describe what is possible. Following Hamlin and Stemplowska, we distinguish between a theory of ideals and…
Descriptors: Social Sciences, Evidence, Feasibility Studies, Theories