ERIC Number: EJ1228512
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
An Evaluation of Production versus Error-Recognition Techniques for Teaching APA-Style Citations and References
Boysen, Guy A.
Teaching of Psychology, v46 n4 p328-333 Oct 2019
American Psychological Association (APA)-style writing is an essential part of the undergraduate psychology curriculum. However, little is known about the effectiveness of specific techniques for instructing students on how to format APA-style citations and references. The current research compared the effectiveness of having students (N = 76) produce versus recognize errors in APA-style citations and references. Production of materials led to significantly better performance on both an immediate quiz and a later test. Student evaluations (N = 43) of the activities showed that they elicited similar enjoyment and effort, but most students preferred the error-recognition activity despite indicating that the production activity would lead to more learning. These results indicate that initial instruction of APA style should emphasize the production of correctly formatted APA-style materials.
Descriptors: Psychology, Citations (References), Writing Skills, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness, Layout (Publications), Introductory Courses, Private Colleges, Student Attitudes, Learning Processes, Error Correction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A