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Lofton, Richard, Jr. – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: For more than four decades, researchers have shown that African American students are overrepresented in lower-track classes, while their White peers tend to be in advanced courses. In the past twenty years, school districts have implemented detracking reforms that stressed self-selection policies as an alternative to separate…
Descriptors: African American Students, White Students, Disproportionate Representation, Advanced Courses
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Mann, Bryan A.; Kotok, Stephen – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: A primary argument that supports charter school policy assumes students favor schools with high academic performance ratings, leading to systemic school improvement. Previous research challenges this assumption but has limited generalizability because geographic and enrollment constraints limit student choice sets.…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Enrollment Trends, Educational Improvement, Student Characteristics
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Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Ability grouping has resurged in U.S. schools despite long-standing debates over its consequences for educational equity. Proponents argue that it is the best response to variation in academic skills because it allows teachers to customize the content and pace of instruction to students' diverse needs. Critics answer that this practice…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Reading Instruction, Primary Education
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Kelchen, Robert – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: Public colleges and universities have sought to recruit and enroll more students from outside their home state in an effort to both enhance institutional prestige and generate additional revenue from the higher tuition rates than nonresident students generally pay. A body of research has shown that nonresident students tend to…
Descriptors: College Students, Out of State Students, Public Colleges, Tuition
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Zahner, William; Chapin, Suzanne; Levine, Rich; He, Lingjun; Afonso, Robert – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: School leaders are challenged by the relatively limited supply and high turnover of qualified secondary school mathematics teachers. In response, policy makers and teacher educators have developed various pathways and incentives to recruit, train, place, and support highly qualified mathematics teachers to work in hard-to-staff…
Descriptors: Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Teacher Recruitment
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Durand, Tina M.; Secakusuma, Margaret – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: Research has documented the benefits of family and parental involvement in children's schooling, both developmentally and across domains. Classroom teachers play pivotal roles in establishing and maintaining home--school partnerships because of their sustained contact with children. Despite this, few studies have examined…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Urban Teaching, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Role
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Evans, Margaret; Teasdale, Rebecca M.; Gannon-Slater, Nora; La Londe, Priya G.; Crenshaw, Hope L.; Greene, Jennifer C.; Schwandt, Thomas A. – Teachers College Record, 2019
Context: Educators often engage with student performance data to make important instructional decisions, yet limited research has analyzed how educators make sense of student performance data. In addition, scholars suggest that teachers recognize a relationship between their instruction and student performance data, but this is a relatively…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Scores, Low Achievement, Attribution Theory
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Kozlowski, Karen Phelan; Lauen, Douglas Lee – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Policy makers are increasingly adopting performance incentives to spur underperforming teachers as a way to improve teaching and student performance. However, much of the experimental research fails to find meaningful effects of performance incentives on either student achievement or teacher practice. Purpose/Objective: Using the…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Merit Pay, Academic Achievement, Incentives
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Kim, Jihyun; Sun , Min; Youngs, Peter – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: As part of a nationwide initiative that re-conceptualized teacher evaluation, Virginia issued the Guidelines for Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria for Teachers on July 1, 2012; these guidelines marked a significant overhaul of the state's approach to teacher evaluation. Previous studies examined the impact…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Response, Teacher Attitudes, Instructional Improvement
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Smith, BetsAnn – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: Research underscores that school improvement relies on leadership that stretches beyond a principal, but significant developments to the design of school level leadership lags. This paper shares data and interpretations of school leadership organized as a network of formalized teacher-leader roles that are ranked, titled, and…
Descriptors: Teacher Leadership, Social Networks, Teacher Role, Leadership Role
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DeLucam Christopher; Pyle, Angela; Roy, Suparna; Chalas, Agnieszka; Danniels, Erica – Teachers College Record, 2019
Context: The standards-based movement in U.S. public education has reached as far as kindergarten. Early primary teachers are increasingly required to teach academic standards in core subject areas, while engaging in increased levels of student assessment. In kindergarten, this growing emphasis on academic standards and student assessment is…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Academic Standards, Reggio Emilia Approach, Preschool Education
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Mitani, Hajime – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act was a performance-based accountability policy designed to motivate educators and administrators to change their behaviors and improve school and student outcomes. The simple logic behind this accountability policy was that they would change their behaviors to avoid sanctions. Many studies…
Descriptors: Principals, Labor Turnover, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Plasman, Jay Stratte; Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Previous studies have explored the relationship between career and technical education (CTE) on numerous secondary and college outcomes. However, a key oversight in the literature is the examination of the CTE coursetaking pipeline as it makes a direct connection between high school and college. Research Questions: We asked the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, High School Students, College Students, Predictor Variables
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Garces, Liliana M.; Bilyalov, Darkhan – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: Seeking to avoid litigation or a legal threat, many postsecondary institutions are responding to a legal and policy environment that seeks to end the consideration of race in education policies by adopting race-neutral policies and practices in admissions, even when not explicitly required to do so by law. Yet, such responses…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Postsecondary Education, College Administration, Ethnic Diversity
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