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Ozawa, Shinya – TESL-EJ, 2018
This survey was conducted to investigate how university students gain or lose confidence in English communicative domains over four years at university. Self-assessment has been a useful instrument for measuring learners' English proficiency, and the students in this study were required to self-assess their confidence levels in TOEIC Can-Do list…
Descriptors: Case Studies, College Students, Self Esteem, English (Second Language)
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Kung, Fan-Wei – TESL-EJ, 2017
This article examines the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) context in Taiwan based on Vygotsky's (1978) socio-cultural framework. The historical context is provided after some delineations of the educational system in Taiwan with regard to its foreign language instruction policy and development. Based upon the proposed socio-cultural framework,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Pan, Yi-Ching – TESL-EJ, 2014
In much of the world, the issue of accountability and measurement of educational outcomes is highly controversial. Exit testing is part of the movement to ascertain what students have learned and hold institutions and teachers to account. However, compared to the large number of teacher washback studies, learner washback research is lacking…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Exit Examinations, Questionnaires, College Students