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ERIC Number: EJ859731
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
NimbleTools: A Universally Designed Test Delivery System
Russell, Michael; Hoffmann, Thomas; Higgins, Jennifer
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v42 n2 p6-12 Nov-Dec 2009
Students with disabilities and special needs have faced challenges in accessing educational content, and in taking traditional pen-and-paper tests. How might technology improve the process, while making statewide tests truly accessible to all students? NimbleTools is the first computer-based test delivery system that incorporates principles of universal design by building in multiple accessibility tools designed to meet various needs of students. The program flexibly adjusts the accessibility tools available to students; students select when and how to use each tool while performing a given test item. Its success in two pilot studies suggests that computer-based test delivery can improve students' access to tests and their ability to demonstrate knowledge. The development of NimbleTools illustrates how the principle of universal design can be applied to ensure that all students have access to the tools they need to demonstrate what they actually know and can do. (Contains 3 figures and 3 tables.)
Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida; New Hampshire
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990