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Villanueva, Mary Grace; Taylor, Jonte; Therrien, William; Hand, Brian – Studies in Science Education, 2012
Students with special needs tend to show significantly lower achievement in science than their peers. Reasons for this include severe difficulties with academic skills (i.e. reading, math and writing), behaviour problems and limited prior understanding of core concepts background knowledge. Despite this bleak picture, much is known on how to…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Special Needs Students, Inclusion, Mainstreaming
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Perkins, David N.; Grotzer, Tina A. – Studies in Science Education, 2005
This article argues that an important source of the difficulties posed by particular concepts and theories is the narrow range of "types of causal models" with which most learners are familiar. Most learners are familiar with relatively simple styles of causal models, but many concepts and theories in science depend on styles…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Scientific Concepts, Intervention, Inquiry
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Lloyd, David; Wallace, John – Studies in Science Education, 2004
In the last 30 years or so, science educators in the Western world have come to recognise the importance of the social and cultural context in which learning occurs (Cobern, 1993, 1994; Hodson, 1993; Leach & Scott, 2003) and have, through such movements as science, technology, society and the environment (Pedretti, 1997; Solomon, 1991; Solomon…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Science Education, Science Curriculum, Foreign Countries