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Kenklies, Karsten – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2012
The debate concerning the relation of the theory of education and the practice of education is not new. In Germany, these discussions are an integral part of the development of educational science in the eighteenth century which is closely connected to Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Their concepts illustrate different…
Descriptors: Educational Theories, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Educational Philosophy
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Horlacher, Rebekka – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2004
The paper examines the "prehistory" in the 18th century of the theory of "Bildung". Pedagogical historiography commonly traces the theory back to the influence of Anthony Ashley Cooper, third Earl of Shaftesbury, who is held to be the founder of the concept of "innere Bildung", on the grounds that Shaftesbury's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Historiography, Cultural Context, German
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Trohler, Daniel – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2004
History of education emerges during the course of the nineteenth century in Germany and is marked by four features. It is educational, and not scientific in nature, because it was written primarily for teacher education and training; it is national, or even nationalistic; it is oriented almost exclusively towards German philosophy; and it is…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Historiography, Educational History, Teacher Education
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Baader, Meika Sophia – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2004
This contribution compares entries on Friedrich Froebel and the kindergarten in German and United States' histories of education from 1857 to 1933. In the American histories, Froebel appears as the great "hero" of education of the 19th century, whereas in the German histories, Pestalozzi is the "hero." This difference in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Politics of Education, Public Education
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Oelkers, Jurgen – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2004
Historiography of education is not only a question of construction but also of selection. In 19th century "history of education" was typically a genre of "great educators", mostly male and only marginally female. This construct is influential up to now, at least in popular contexts of educational reasoning. The article…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Historiography, Educational History
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Bittner, Stefan – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2000
Dewey's ideas of democracy and pragmatism clashed with the monarchial and idealistic patterns of school-practice and pedagogic theory in pre- and post-World War II Germany. Acceptance of Dewey's work was hindered by counterproductive politico-educational interpretations of source material compounded with a lack of hermeneutic assessment of his…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Political Socialization
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Sorensen Criblez, Barbara – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2000
During the first half of the 20th century, Emmy Walser of Switzerland helped to incorporate John Dewey's "free working method" into German-language kindergartens. The kindergartens were previously organized around a rigid interpretation of Friedrich Froebel's educational principles, characterized by constant guiding of the child's…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Comparative Education, Educational Innovation, Educational Practices