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Bainbridge, William L.; Lasley, Thomas J., II; Sundre, Steven M. – State Education Standard, 2003
Options (busing, magnet schools, vouchers, and charters) proffered to make urban public schools more effective have met with political debate and mixed success. Suggests 14 basic policy initiatives that have sufficient use and research support to create genuine opportunities for student success. (Contains 13 references.) (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Indicators, Elementary Secondary Education
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Harmon, Hobart L. – State Education Standard, 2003
Describes characteristics of the "ideal" rural teacher and highlights the significant issues associated with recruiting and retaining such teachers in rural schools. Claims that new ideas and approaches will be necessary if small rural schools, often located in very isolated and poor areas, are to attract qualified teachers. (Contains 34…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Labor Turnover
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Kusler, Mary Conk – State Education Standard, 2003
Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP) grants give rural districts a new source of federal funds. REAP has two separate programs that address the specific needs of rural districts. The first is the Small and Rural Schools Achievement Program; the second is the Rural and Low Income Schools Program. Explains the differences in the programs and…
Descriptors: Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation
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Kysilko, David – State Education Standard, 2003
The impetus for more school closures lies in declining school enrollments in many rural areas and promises of cost efficiency, more academic options for students, and higher test scores. The latter benefits remain a matter of debate. Busing is controversial result of school consolidation, both in terms of expense and time. Rural school advocates…
Descriptors: Busing, Consolidated Schools, Cost Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education
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Collins, Susan – State Education Standard, 2003
Senator Collins of Maine plans to fight for proper federal funding of the Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP) that allows rural schools to combine federal funding sources. Collins, and Senator Dianne Feinstein, will soon introduce legislation that will eliminate inequities in the current Social Security law that penalize teachers and other…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Government Employees
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Claycomb, Carla; Haynes, Mariana – State Education Standard, 2003
Based on the National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) recent report, this article provides the foundation for state accountability systems that focus on improvement. Contains NASBE's proposed Public Policy Position on Low Performing Schools. (Contains 14 references.) (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Disadvantaged Schools, Economic Factors
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Brady, Ronald C. – State Education Standard, 2003
Reveals some of the lessons learned from state and local efforts to transform low-performing schools. Summarizes and analyzes the state and local intervention experience based on a review of efforts undertaken in 22 states since 1989. Classifies these interventions in terms of their intrusiveness: mild, moderate, and strong. (Contains 12…
Descriptors: Accountability, Disadvantaged Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention
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Norwood, Jane – State Education Standard, 2003
Teams of seasoned teachers and administrators were assigned to a group of low-performing North Carolina schools each year to work with the local faculty to help turn around these schools. Provides a description of the assistance teams, how they were developed, and how they work. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Accountability, Disadvantaged Schools, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education
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Rotherham, Andrew J. – State Education Standard, 2003
The framework the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) lays out is that of quantifiably examining school performance and intervening in inverse proportion to success. Discusses five key challenges policymakers and educators must overcome to make the federal law work. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Accountability, Disadvantaged Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Politics of Education
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Eads, Al – State Education Standard, 2003
Challenges facing rural schools include consolidation, teacher quality, equitable funding, and adequate facilities. The president of the National Rural Education Association presents his views on these issues based on visits around the country. (Author)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Consolidated Schools, Educational Equity (Finance), Elementary Secondary Education
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Canavan, Robert – State Education Standard, 2003
Cites the daunting need for school construction and repair funds. Explains how the federal Qualified Zone Academy Bonds and the America's Better Classrooms Act allow certain schools to finance the renovating and/or equipping of school facilities on an interest-free basis through the allocation of federal tax credits. Tables list the state…
Descriptors: Educational Facilities Improvement, Educational Facilities Planning, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education
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Tompkins, Rachel B. – State Education Standard, 2003
Research reports from multiple studies in dozens of states have shown there are advantages to learning in small schools. To take advantage of the assets of rural schools and small-town survival, new state policy directions will be necessary in finance, facilities, teacher pay, preparation, and professional and curriculum development. (Contains 10…
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Partnerships in Education
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Bennett, Randy Elliot – State Education Standard, 2002
This article discusses some of the advantages of computer-based testing and highlights efforts by several states and organizations to introduce electronic assessment. It also describes the challenges policymakers face in planning and implementing such an initiative and details the steps they can take to pursue this type of testing. As electronic…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Large Scale Assessment
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Olson, Lynn – State Education Standard, 2002
Provides a short history of educational governance in America during the 20th century. Includes description of the erosion of local control through court decisions, federal legislation, collective bargaining, state accountability, and parental choice. Describes alternative approaches to school governance. (PKP)
Descriptors: Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance
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Usdan, Michael D. – State Education Standard, 2002
Discuss the "new" state politics of education focusing on the role of state governors and business groups in shaping educational policy driven by the standards-based reform movement. (PKP)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, State Government
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