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Sociology of Education970
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Engzell, Per – Sociology of Education, 2019
Why is it that children of immigrants often outdo their ethnic majority peers in educational aspirations yet struggle to keep pace with their achievements? This article advances the explanation that many immigrant communities, while positively selected on education, still have moderate absolute levels of schooling. Therefore, parents' education…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Academic Aspiration, Academic Achievement, Parent Background
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Binder, Amy J.; Abel, Andrea R. – Sociology of Education, 2019
The study of elites is enjoying a revival at a time of increasing economic inequality. Sociologists of education have been leaders in this area, researching how affluent families position their children to compete favorably in a highly stratified higher education system. However, scholars have done less research on how students do symbolic work of…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Liberal Arts, Undergraduate Students, Social Status
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Pyne, Jaymes – Sociology of Education, 2019
We know far less about the unintended social-psychological consequences of out-of-school suspensions on students than we do of the academic, behavioral, and civic consequences. Drawing on theories of socialization and deviance, I explore how suspension events influence students' emotional engagement in school through changes in their attitudes.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Suspension, Emotional Response, Learner Engagement
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Caven, Meg – Sociology of Education, 2019
Public education relies heavily on data to document stratified inputs and outcomes, and to design interventions aimed at reducing disparities. Yet despite the promise and prevalence of data-driven policies and practices, inequalities persist. Indeed, contemporary scholarship has begun to question whether and how processes such as quantification…
Descriptors: School Closing, Public Schools, Intervention, Equal Education
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Johnson, Anthony M. – Sociology of Education, 2019
Drawing on interviews with 38 black and Latino/a engineering students at a predominantly white, elite university, I use a cultural analytic framework to explicate the role of pre-college integration in the heterogeneous psychosocial and academic experiences of students of color on predominantly white campuses. I identify three cultural strategies…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Engineering Education, College Students
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Dryden-Peterson, Sarah; Adelman, Elizabeth; Bellino, Michelle J.; Chopra, Vidur – Sociology of Education, 2019
This article explores the understood purposes of refugee education at global, national, and school levels. To do so, we focus on a radical shift in global policy to integrate refugees into national education systems and the processes of vernacularization accompanying its widespread implementation. We use a comparative case study approach; our…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Refugees, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Li, Angran; Hamlin, Daniel – Sociology of Education, 2019
Previous analyses of large national datasets have tended to report a negative relationship between parental homework help and student achievement. Yet these studies have not examined heterogeneity in this relationship based on the propensity for a parent to provide homework help. By using a propensity score-based approach, this study investigates…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parents as Teachers, Homework, Elementary School Students
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Cucchiara, Maia; Cassar, Erin; Clark, Monica – Sociology of Education, 2019
Parenting education programs aim to teach parents, often low-income mothers, a set of skills, behaviors, and attitudes believed to promote improved opportunities for their children. Parenting programs are often offered in schools, with instructors teaching pregnant or parenting teens about child development, attachment, and discipline strategies.…
Descriptors: Hidden Curriculum, Parent Education, Low Income Groups, Mothers
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Downey, Douglas B.; Quinn, David M.; Alcaraz, Melissa – Sociology of Education, 2019
What is schools' role in the stratification system? One view is that schools are an important mechanism for perpetuating inequality because children from advantaged backgrounds (white and high socioeconomic) enjoy better school learning environments than their disadvantaged peers. But it is difficult to know this with confidence because children's…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, School Role, Advantaged, Socioeconomic Status
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Dumont, Hanna; Klinge, Denise; Maaz, Kai – Sociology of Education, 2019
We analyze the subtle mechanisms at work in the interaction between families and schools that underlie social inequalities at the transition point from elementary school into secondary-school tracks in Berlin, Germany. We do so by combining quantitative data from a large-scale survey and assessment study (N = 3,935 students and their parents) with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Track System (Education), Correlation, Family School Relationship
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Gil-Hernández, Carlos J. – Sociology of Education, 2019
This article bridges the literature on educational inequality between and within families to test whether high--socioeconomic status (SES) families compensate for low cognitive ability in the transition to secondary education in Germany. The German educational system of early-ability tracking (at age 10) represents a stringent setting for the…
Descriptors: Twins, Cognitive Ability, Socioeconomic Status, Secondary Education
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Chua, Vincent; Swee, Eik Leong; Wellman, Barry – Sociology of Education, 2019
Is education the social leveler it promises to be? Nowhere is this question better addressed than in Singapore, the emblematic modern-day meritocracy where education has long been hailed as the most important ticket to elite status. In particular, what accounts for gender and ethnic gaps in enrollment into Singapore's elite junior colleges--the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Private Colleges, Two Year Colleges, Neighborhoods
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Kosyakova, Yuliya; Gerber, Theodore P. – Sociology of Education, 2019
Adult education influences how labor market opportunities are structured in the later life course. We propose a theoretical framework for understanding the stratifying role of adult education resting on the distinction between two forms of adult education--upgrading and sidestepping: Resources, incentives, and selection processes systematically…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Educational History, Educational Change
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Raabe, Isabel J.; Boda, Zsófia; Stadtfeld, Christoph – Sociology of Education, 2019
Individuals' favorite subjects in school can predetermine their educational and occupational careers. If girls develop weaker preferences for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), it can contribute to macrolevel gender inequalities in income and status. Relying on large-scale panel data on adolescents from Sweden (218 classrooms,…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Social Influences, Career Choice, STEM Education
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Garvey, Jason C.; Viray, Sydnee; Stango, Katie; Estep, Claire; Jaeger, Jae – Sociology of Education, 2019
Our study aims to understand trans students' perceptions of campus climate, with a particular focus on students' demographics, academic experiences, and cocurricular experiences. We use Bhabha's concept of "third space" as an epistemological lens and Rankin and Reason's "transformational tapestry" model as a theoretical…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Educational Environment, LGBTQ People, Educational Experience
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