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Heimer, Carol A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article examines the practices of ethnographers carrying out research in and, especially, on organizations. Ethnographers studying organizations, like other ethnographers, emphasize close observation and understanding the meaning of actions, words, and artifacts; they differ from other fieldworkers, though, in focusing on the organization…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Organizations (Groups), Interpersonal Relationship, Research Problems
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Fine, Gary Alan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Much contemporary ethnography hopes to engage with a community to justify social critique. Whether from problem selection, interpersonal rewards, or a desire for exchange, researchers often take the "side" of informants. Such an approach, linked to "public ethnography," marginalizes a once-traditional approach to fieldwork,…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Epistemology, Local Issues, Research Methodology
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Sugie, Naomi F. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Mobile technologies, specifically smartphones, offer social scientists a potentially powerful approach to examine the social world. They enable researchers to collect information that was previously unobservable or difficult to measure, expanding the realm of empirical investigation. For research that concerns resource-poor and hard-to-reach…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Disadvantaged, Research Methodology, Social Science Research
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Mikkelsen, Kim Sass – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Contemporary case studies rely on verbal arguments and set theory to build or evaluate theoretical claims. While existing procedures excel in the use of qualitative information (information about kind), they ignore quantitative information (information about degree) at central points of the analysis. Effectively, contemporary case studies rely on…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Mathematical Models, Theories, Causal Models
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Blackwell, Matthew; Honaker, James; King, Gary – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Although social scientists devote considerable effort to mitigating measurement error during data collection, they often ignore the issue during data analysis. And although many statistical methods have been proposed for reducing measurement error-induced biases, few have been widely used because of implausible assumptions, high levels of model…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Monte Carlo Methods, Data Collection, Simulation
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Klausch, Thomas; Schouten, Barry; Hox, Joop J. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
This study evaluated three types of bias--total, measurement, and selection bias (SB)--in three sequential mixed-mode designs of the Dutch Crime Victimization Survey: telephone, mail, and web, where nonrespondents were followed up face-to-face (F2F). In the absence of true scores, all biases were estimated as mode effects against two different…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Statistical Bias, Sequential Approach, Benchmarking
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Blackwell, Matthew; Honaker, James; King, Gary – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
We extend a unified and easy-to-use approach to measurement error and missing data. In our companion article, Blackwell, Honaker, and King give an intuitive overview of the new technique, along with practical suggestions and empirical applications. Here, we offer more precise technical details, more sophisticated measurement error model…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Correlation, Simulation, Bayesian Statistics
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Tarray, Tanveer A.; Singh, Housila P.; Yan, Zaizai – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
This article addresses the problem of estimating the proportion Pi[subscript S] of the population belonging to a sensitive group using optional randomized response technique in stratified sampling based on Mangat model that has proportional and Neyman allocation and larger gain in efficiency. Numerically, it is found that the suggested model is…
Descriptors: Models, Efficiency, Sampling, Research Problems
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Møller, Jørgen – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
The use of controlled comparisons pervades comparative historical analysis. Heated debates have surrounded the methodological purchase of such comparisons. However, the quality and validity of the conceptual building blocks on which the comparisons are based have largely been ignored. This article discusses a particular problem pertaining to these…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, History, Evaluation Methods, Validity
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Luo, Liying; Hodges, James S. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Age-period-cohort (APC) models are designed to estimate the independent effects of age, time periods, and cohort membership. However, APC models suffer from an identification problem: There are no unique estimates of the independent effects that fit the data best because of the exact linear dependency among age, period, and cohort. Among methods…
Descriptors: Models, Age, Time, Group Membership
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Katz, Jack – Sociological Methods & Research, 2015
There is unexamined potential for developing and testing rival causal explanations in the type of data that participant observation is best suited to create: descriptions of in situ social interaction crafted from the participants' perspectives. By intensively examining a single ethnography, we can see how multiple predictions can be derived from…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Observation, Field Studies, Notetaking
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Bruch, Elizabeth; Atwell, Jon – Sociological Methods & Research, 2015
Agent-based modeling has become increasingly popular in recent years, but there is still no codified set of recommendations or practices for how to use these models within a program of empirical research. This article provides ideas and practical guidelines drawn from sociology, biology, computer science, epidemiology, and statistics. We first…
Descriptors: Models, Social Science Research, Guidelines, Scientific Research
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Angle, John – Sociological Methods and Research, 1979
This paper poses a research question about how a person's work experience affects his or her earnings and shows how the Cumulative Experience Method (CEM) can provide an answer to the question using all available information in a longitudinal data set. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Experience, Income, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematical Models
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Wilson, Thomas P. – Sociological Methods and Research, 1979
A recent recommendation by Holt (EJ 200 576) that coefficients resulting from estimating log-linear and similar models should not be interpreted is argued to be based on lack of clarity about the substantive and theoretical importance of the choice between dummy and effect coding for categorical variables. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Expectancy Tables, Goodness of Fit, Mathematical Models, Probability
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Smith, Kent W.; Sasaki, M. S. – Sociological Methods and Research, 1979
A method is proposed for overcoming the problem of multicollinearity in multiple regression equations where multiplicative independent terms are entered. The method is not a ridge regression solution. (JKS)
Descriptors: Correlation, Hypothesis Testing, Mathematical Models, Multiple Regression Analysis