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Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results Save | Export
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Heimer, Carol A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article examines the practices of ethnographers carrying out research in and, especially, on organizations. Ethnographers studying organizations, like other ethnographers, emphasize close observation and understanding the meaning of actions, words, and artifacts; they differ from other fieldworkers, though, in focusing on the organization…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Organizations (Groups), Interpersonal Relationship, Research Problems
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Fine, Gary Alan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Much contemporary ethnography hopes to engage with a community to justify social critique. Whether from problem selection, interpersonal rewards, or a desire for exchange, researchers often take the "side" of informants. Such an approach, linked to "public ethnography," marginalizes a once-traditional approach to fieldwork,…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Epistemology, Local Issues, Research Methodology
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Young, Cristobal – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
The commenter's proposal may be a reasonable method for addressing uncertainty in predictive modeling, where the goal is to predict "y." In a treatment effects framework, where the goal is causal inference by conditioning-on-observables, the commenter's proposal is deeply flawed. The proposal (1) ignores the definition of…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Predictor Variables, Research Methodology, Ambiguity (Context)
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Slez, Adam – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Young and Holsteen (YH) introduce a number of tools for evaluating model uncertainty. In so doing, they are careful to differentiate their method from existing forms of model averaging. The fundamental difference lies in the way in which the underlying estimates are weighted. Whereas standard approaches to model averaging assign higher weight to…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Models, Ambiguity (Context), Computation
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Bacak, Valerio; Kennedy, Edward H. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
A rapidly growing number of algorithms are available to researchers who apply statistical or machine learning methods to answer social science research questions. The unique advantages and limitations of each algorithm are relatively well known, but it is not possible to know in advance which algorithm is best suited for the particular research…
Descriptors: Violence, Census Figures, Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons
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Houghton, James P.; Siegel, Michael; Madnick, Stuart; Tounaka, Nobuaki; Nakamura, Kazutaka; Sugiyama, Takaaki; Nakagawa, Daisuke; Shirnen, Buyanjargal – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
The potential of social media to give insight into the dynamic evolution of public conversations, and into their reactive and constitutive role in political activities, has to date been underdeveloped. While topic modeling can give static insight into the structure of a conversation, and keyword volume tracking can show how engagement with a…
Descriptors: Social Media, Political Attitudes, Computer Mediated Communication, Social Values
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Barrenechea, Rodrigo; Mahoney, James – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article develops a set-theoretic approach to Bayes's theorem and Bayesian process tracing. In the approach, hypothesis testing is the procedure whereby one updates beliefs by narrowing the range of states of the world that are regarded as possible, thus diminishing the domain in which the actual world can reside. By explicitly connecting…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Hypothesis Testing, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Algesheimer, René; Bagozzi, Richard P.; Dholakia, Utpal M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
We offer a new conceptualization and measurement models for constructs at the group-level of analysis in small group research. The conceptualization starts with classical notions of group behavior proposed by Tönnies, Simmel, and Weber and then draws upon plural subject theory by philosophers Gilbert and Tuomela to frame a new perspective…
Descriptors: Models, Groups, Group Behavior, Theories
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Spaiser, Viktoria; Hedström, Peter; Ranganathan, Shyam; Jansson, Kim; Nordvik, Monica K.; Sumpter, David J. T. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
It is widely recognized that segregation processes are often the result of complex nonlinear dynamics. Empirical analyses of complex dynamics are however rare, because there is a lack of appropriate empirical modeling techniques that are capable of capturing complex patterns and nonlinearities. At the same time, we know that many social phenomena…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Research Methodology, Social Systems, Systems Approach
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Adang, Otto M. J. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
The article outlines a methodology for systematically observing collective violence (and public order policing in relation to it). Specific attention is given to matters of sampling and measurement and to the way in which observational challenges have been met in comparison with participant observational studies of demonstrations and football…
Descriptors: Observation, Violence, Law Enforcement, Research Methodology
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Beach, Derek; Rohlfing, Ingo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the combination of two methods on the basis of set theory. In our introduction and this special issue, we focus on two variants of cross-case set-theoretic methods--"qualitative comparative analysis" (QCA) and typological theory (TT)--and their combination with process tracing (PT).…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Theories, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis
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Rohlfing, Ingo; Schneider, Carsten Q. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
The combination of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) with process tracing, which we call set-theoretic multimethod research (MMR), is steadily becoming more popular in empirical research. Despite the fact that both methods have an elected affinity based on set theory, it is not obvious how a within-case method operating in a single case and a…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Theories
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Beach, Derek – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article explores the practical challenges one faces when combining qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) and process tracing (PT) in a manner that is consistent with their underlying assumptions about the nature of causal relationships. While PT builds on a mechanism-based understanding of causation, QCA as a comparative method makes claims…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mixed Methods Research, Research Methodology, Case Studies
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Sugie, Naomi F. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Mobile technologies, specifically smartphones, offer social scientists a potentially powerful approach to examine the social world. They enable researchers to collect information that was previously unobservable or difficult to measure, expanding the realm of empirical investigation. For research that concerns resource-poor and hard-to-reach…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Disadvantaged, Research Methodology, Social Science Research
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Cabrera, Laura Y.; Reiner, Peter B. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Between-subject design surveys are a powerful means of gauging public opinion, but critics rightly charge that closed-ended questions only provide slices of insight into issues that are considerably more complex. Qualitative research enables richer accounts but inevitably includes coder bias and subjective interpretations. To mitigate these…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Comparative Analysis, Content Analysis, Qualitative Research
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