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Fullerton, Andrew S.; Xu, Jun – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Adjacent category logit models are ordered regression models that focus on comparisons of adjacent categories. These models are particularly useful for ordinal response variables with categories that are of substantive interest. In this article, we consider unconstrained and constrained versions of the partial adjacent category logit model, which…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Models, Classification, Comparative Analysis
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Hemmert, Giselmar A. J.; Schons, Laura M.; Wieseke, Jan; Schimmelpfennig, Heiko – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
The literature proposes numerous so-called pseudo-R[superscript 2] measures for evaluating "goodness of fit" in regression models with categorical dependent variables. Unlike ordinary least square-R[superscript 2], log-likelihood-based pseudo-R[superscript 2]s do not represent the proportion of explained variance but rather the…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Sample Size, Predictor Variables, Benchmarking
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Vuolo, Mike – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Often in sociology, researchers are confronted with nonnormal variables whose joint distribution they wish to explore. Yet, assumptions of common measures of dependence can fail or estimating such dependence is computationally intensive. This article presents the copula method for modeling the joint distribution of two random variables, including…
Descriptors: Sociology, Research Methodology, Social Science Research, Models
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Buis, Maarten L. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
This article deals with a model for describing a sequence of events, for example, education is typically attained by a set of transitions from one level of education to the next. In particular, this article tries to reconcile measures describing the effect of a variable on each of these transitions, with measures describing the effect of this…
Descriptors: Models, Measurement Techniques, Regression (Statistics), Sequential Approach
Steiner, Peter M.; Kim, Yongnam; Hall, Courtney E.; Su, Dan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental designs like regression discontinuity (RD) designs, instrumental variable (IV) designs, and matching and propensity score (PS) designs are frequently used for inferring causal effects. It is well known that the features of these designs facilitate the identification of a causal estimand…
Descriptors: Graphs, Causal Models, Quasiexperimental Design, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Contini, Dalit; Grand, Elisa – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Despite the increasing spread of standardized assessments of student learning, longitudinal data on achievement data are still lacking in many countries. This article raises the following question: Can we exploit cross-sectional assessments held at different schooling stages to evaluate how achievement inequalities related to individual-ascribed…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Case Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Achievement Gap
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Feng, Xiang-Nan; Wu, Hao-Tian; Song, Xin-Yuan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
We consider an ordinal regression model with latent variables to investigate the effects of observable and latent explanatory variables on the ordinal responses of interest. Each latent variable is characterized by correlated observed variables through a confirmatory factor analysis model. We develop a Bayesian adaptive lasso procedure to conduct…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Regression (Statistics), Models, Observation
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Stamey, James D.; Beavers, Daniel P.; Sherr, Michael E. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Survey data are often subject to various types of errors such as misclassification. In this article, we consider a model where interest is simultaneously in two correlated response variables and one is potentially subject to misclassification. A motivating example of a recent study of the impact of a sexual education course for adolescents is…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Classification, Models, Correlation
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Aßmann, Christian; Würbach, Ariane; Goßmann, Solange; Geissler, Ferdinand; Bela, Anika – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Large-scale surveys typically exhibit data structures characterized by rich mutual dependencies between surveyed variables and individual-specific skip patterns. Despite high efforts in fieldwork and questionnaire design, missing values inevitably occur. One approach for handling missing values is to provide multiply imputed data sets, thus…
Descriptors: Nonparametric Statistics, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, National Surveys
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Yamaguchi, Kazuo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
This article describes (1) the survey methodological and statistical characteristics of the nonrandomized method for surveying sensitive questions for both cross-sectional and panel survey data and (2) the way to use the incompletely observed variable obtained from this survey method in logistic regression and in loglinear and log-multiplicative…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Surveys, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics)
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Miles, Andrew – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Obtaining predictions from regression models fit to multiply imputed data can be challenging because treatments of multiple imputation seldom give clear guidance on how predictions can be calculated, and because available software often does not have built-in routines for performing the necessary calculations. This research note reviews how…
Descriptors: Prediction, Regression (Statistics), Data, Surveys
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Schneider, Carsten Q.; Rohlfing, Ingo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a method for cross-case analyses that works best when complemented with follow-up case studies focusing on the causal quality of the solution and its constitutive terms, the underlying causal mechanisms, and potentially omitted conditions. The anchorage of QCA in set theory demands criteria for follow-up…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Causal Models
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Manzo, Gianluca; Baldassarri, Delia – Sociological Methods & Research, 2015
Since Merton's classical analysis of cumulative advantage in science, it has been observed that status hierarchies display a sizable disconnect between actors' quality and rank and that they become increasingly asymmetric over time, without, however, turning into winner-take-all structures. In recent years, formal models of status hierarchies…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Statistical Distributions, Decision Making, Computation
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Buelens, Bart; van den Brakel, Jan A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2015
Mixed-mode surveys are known to be susceptible to mode-dependent selection and measurement effects, collectively referred to as mode effects. The use of different data collection modes within the same survey may reduce selectivity of the overall response but is characterized by measurement errors differing across modes. Inference in sample surveys…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Surveys, Crime, Victims
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Song, Xi; Mare, Robert D. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2015
Most intergenerational social mobility studies are based upon retrospective data, in which samples of individuals report socioeconomic information about their parents, an approach that provides representative data for offspring but not the parental generation. When available, prospective data on intergenerational mobility, which are based on a…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Simulation, Income, Models