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Almquist, Zack W.; Bagozzi, Benjamin E. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Radical social movements are broadly engaged in, and dedicated to, promoting change in their social environment. In their corresponding efforts to call attention to various causes, communicate with like-minded groups, and mobilize support for their activities, radical social movements also produce an enormous amount of text. These texts, like…
Descriptors: Activism, Social Change, Social Networks, Conservation (Environment)
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Rona-Tas, Akos; Cornuéjols, Antoine; Blanchemanche, Sandrine; Duroy, Antonin; Martin, Christine – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Recently, both sociology of science and policy research have shown increased interest in scientific uncertainty. To contribute to these debates and create an empirical measure of scientific uncertainty, we inductively devised two systems of classification or ontologies to describe scientific uncertainty in a large corpus of food safety risk…
Descriptors: Food, Risk, Safety, Classification
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Barrenechea, Rodrigo; Mahoney, James – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article develops a set-theoretic approach to Bayes's theorem and Bayesian process tracing. In the approach, hypothesis testing is the procedure whereby one updates beliefs by narrowing the range of states of the world that are regarded as possible, thus diminishing the domain in which the actual world can reside. By explicitly connecting…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Hypothesis Testing, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Fullerton, Andrew S.; Xu, Jun – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Adjacent category logit models are ordered regression models that focus on comparisons of adjacent categories. These models are particularly useful for ordinal response variables with categories that are of substantive interest. In this article, we consider unconstrained and constrained versions of the partial adjacent category logit model, which…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Models, Classification, Comparative Analysis
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Møller, Jørgen; Skaaning, Svend-Erik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Explanatory typologies have recently experienced a renaissance as a research strategy for constructing and assessing causal explanations. However, both the new methodological works on explanatory typologies and the way such typologies have been used in practice have been affected by two shortcomings. First, no elaborate procedures for assessing…
Descriptors: Classification, Case Studies, Evaluation Methods, Comparative Analysis
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Aviles, Natalie B.; Reed, Isaac Ariail – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Recently, sociologists have expended much effort in attempts to define social mechanisms. We intervene in these debates by proposing that sociologists in fact have a choice to make between three standards of what constitutes a good mechanistic explanation: substantial, formal, and metaphorical mechanistic explanation. All three standards are…
Descriptors: Sociology, Standards, Realism, Classification
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Stamey, James D.; Beavers, Daniel P.; Sherr, Michael E. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Survey data are often subject to various types of errors such as misclassification. In this article, we consider a model where interest is simultaneously in two correlated response variables and one is potentially subject to misclassification. A motivating example of a recent study of the impact of a sexual education course for adolescents is…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Classification, Models, Correlation
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Aßmann, Christian; Würbach, Ariane; Goßmann, Solange; Geissler, Ferdinand; Bela, Anika – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Large-scale surveys typically exhibit data structures characterized by rich mutual dependencies between surveyed variables and individual-specific skip patterns. Despite high efforts in fieldwork and questionnaire design, missing values inevitably occur. One approach for handling missing values is to provide multiply imputed data sets, thus…
Descriptors: Nonparametric Statistics, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, National Surveys
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Gerring, John; Cojocaru, Lee – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
This study revisits the task of case selection in case study research, proposing a new typology of strategies that is explicit, disaggregated, and relatively comprehensive. A secondary goal is to explore the prospects for case selection by "algorithm," aka "ex ante," "automatic," "quantitative,"…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Selection, Research Design, Social Science Research
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Menold, Natalja; Tausch, Anja – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Effects of rating scale forms on cross-sectional reliability and measurement equivalence were investigated. A randomized experimental design was implemented, varying category labels and number of categories. The participants were 800 students at two German universities. In contrast to previous research, reliability assessment method was used,…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Test Reliability, Measurement, Classification
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Teachman, Jay D. – Sociological Methods and Research, 1980
Defining population diversity as the distribution along a continuum of homogeneity to heterogeneity with respect to one or more variables, measures are described with variance-based interpretations which can be applied to qualitative data. It is possible to use these statistics to define relationships in multivariate distributions. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Classification, Correlation, Data Analysis
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Burstein, Leigh – Sociological Methods and Research, 1978
Four techniques for assessing differences between least-squares estimators of regression coefficients from group and individual-level data are summarized. The utility and suitability of all four approaches are discussed when (1) data are grouped by a nominal characteristic; (2) there are multiple regressors; or (3) individual-level data cannot be…
Descriptors: Classification, Group Testing, Groups, Higher Education