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Mohammed, M. A.; Ibrahim, A. I. N.; Siri, Z.; Noor, N. F. M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In this article, a numerical method integrated with statistical data simulation technique is introduced to solve a nonlinear system of ordinary differential equations with multiple random variable coefficients. The utilization of Monte Carlo simulation with central divided difference formula of finite difference (FD) method is repeated n times to…
Descriptors: Monte Carlo Methods, Calculus, Sampling, Simulation
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Shi, Yongren; Cameron, Christopher J.; Heckathorn, Douglas D. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Respondent-driven sampling (RDS), a link-tracing sampling and inference method for studying hard-to-reach populations, has been shown to produce asymptotically unbiased population estimates when its assumptions are satisfied. However, some of the assumptions are prohibitively difficult to reach in the field, and the violation of a crucial…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Bias, Recruitment, Sampling
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Heimer, Carol A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article examines the practices of ethnographers carrying out research in and, especially, on organizations. Ethnographers studying organizations, like other ethnographers, emphasize close observation and understanding the meaning of actions, words, and artifacts; they differ from other fieldworkers, though, in focusing on the organization…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Organizations (Groups), Interpersonal Relationship, Research Problems
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Fine, Gary Alan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Much contemporary ethnography hopes to engage with a community to justify social critique. Whether from problem selection, interpersonal rewards, or a desire for exchange, researchers often take the "side" of informants. Such an approach, linked to "public ethnography," marginalizes a once-traditional approach to fieldwork,…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Epistemology, Local Issues, Research Methodology
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Blee, Kathleen – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Field relationships shape the questions that researchers ask and the theories they develop. This article compares my interactions with research participants in a study of white supremacists with those in a study of mainstream grassroots activists. It demonstrates how expectations and negotiations with research participants affect theorizing by…
Descriptors: Theories, Interpersonal Relationship, Researchers, Racial Discrimination
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Jerolmack, Colin; Murphy, Alexandra K. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Masking, the practice of hiding or distorting identifying information about people, places, and organizations, is usually considered a requisite feature of ethnographic research and writing. This is justified both as an ethical obligation to one's subjects and as a scientifically neutral position (as readers are enjoined to treat a case's…
Descriptors: Ethics, Ethnography, Sociology, Social Science Research
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Menchik, Daniel A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Ethnographers often study those who periodically meet to interact in multiple venues. This article focuses on how people who share and engage in tasks in recurrently visited venues define and change their social projects' problems and solutions. To address the complexities of this "meta-work," I introduce the concept of…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Geographic Location, Interpersonal Relationship, Medicine
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Elzinga, Cees H.; Studer, Matthias – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
We explore the relations between the notion of distance and a feature set--based concept of similarity and show that this concept of similarity has a spatial interpretation that is complementary to distance: it is interpreted as "direction." Furthermore, we show how proper normalization leads to distances that can be directly interpreted…
Descriptors: Proximity, Age Differences, Norms, Foreign Countries
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Kuppelwieser, Volker G.; Putinas, Aleksa-Carina; Bastounis, Marina – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Extending the discussion on replication in sociology and psychology, this article focuses on the adaption of scales in research. Drawing on a recently published scale, we highlight several validity issues in the scale's composition and development. Using data from two empirical studies, we subsequently show how scales can be tested and adapted. In…
Descriptors: Media Adaptation, Test Validity, Test Construction, Replication (Evaluation)
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Laruelle, Annick; Navarro, Noemí; Escobedo, Ramón – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In this article, we study a simple mathematical model of a bilingual community in which all agents are fluent in the majority language but only a fraction of the population has some degree of proficiency in the minority language. We investigate how different distributions of proficiency, combined with the speakers' attitudes toward or against the…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Language Attitudes, Mathematical Models, Bilingualism
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Young, Cristobal – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
The commenter's proposal may be a reasonable method for addressing uncertainty in predictive modeling, where the goal is to predict "y." In a treatment effects framework, where the goal is causal inference by conditioning-on-observables, the commenter's proposal is deeply flawed. The proposal (1) ignores the definition of…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Predictor Variables, Research Methodology, Ambiguity (Context)
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Slez, Adam – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Young and Holsteen (YH) introduce a number of tools for evaluating model uncertainty. In so doing, they are careful to differentiate their method from existing forms of model averaging. The fundamental difference lies in the way in which the underlying estimates are weighted. Whereas standard approaches to model averaging assign higher weight to…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Models, Ambiguity (Context), Computation
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Rona-Tas, Akos; Cornuéjols, Antoine; Blanchemanche, Sandrine; Duroy, Antonin; Martin, Christine – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Recently, both sociology of science and policy research have shown increased interest in scientific uncertainty. To contribute to these debates and create an empirical measure of scientific uncertainty, we inductively devised two systems of classification or ontologies to describe scientific uncertainty in a large corpus of food safety risk…
Descriptors: Food, Risk, Safety, Classification
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Vis, Barbara; Dul, Jan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Analyzing relationships of necessity is important for both scholarly and applied research questions in the social sciences. An often-used technique for identifying such relationships--"fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis" (fsQCA)--has limited ability to make the most out of the data used. The set-theoretical technique fsQCA makes…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Social Science Research, Theories
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Torche, Florencia; Corvalan, Alejandro – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article distinguishes three measures of intergenerational economic mobility that emerge when the population is divided into groups: overall individual mobility, within-group mobility, and between-group mobility. We clarify their properties and the relationship between them. We then evaluate Clark's use of surname between-group persistence as…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Computation, Generational Differences, Persistence
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