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Kuppelwieser, Volker G.; Putinas, Aleksa-Carina; Bastounis, Marina – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Extending the discussion on replication in sociology and psychology, this article focuses on the adaption of scales in research. Drawing on a recently published scale, we highlight several validity issues in the scale's composition and development. Using data from two empirical studies, we subsequently show how scales can be tested and adapted. In…
Descriptors: Media Adaptation, Test Validity, Test Construction, Replication (Evaluation)
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Auspurg, Katrin; Jäckle, Annette – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
To measure what determines people's attitudes, definitions, or decisions, surveys increasingly ask respondents to judge vignettes. A vignette typically describes a hypothetical situation or object as having various attributes (dimensions). In factorial surveys, the values (levels) of dimensions are experimentally varied, so that their impact on…
Descriptors: Vignettes, Correlation, Online Surveys, Student Surveys
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Zhou, Xiang; Xie, Yu – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Since the seminal introduction of the propensity score (PS) by Rosenbaum and Rubin, PS-based methods have been widely used for drawing causal inferences in the behavioral and social sciences. However, the PS approach depends on the ignorability assumption: there are no unobserved confounders once observed covariates are taken into account. For…
Descriptors: Probability, Statistical Inference, Comparative Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Brenner, Philip S.; DeLamater, John – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Extant research comparing survey self-reports of normative behavior to direct observations and time diary data have yielded evidence of extensive measurement bias. However, most of this research program has relied on observational data, comparing independent samples from the same target population, rather than comparing survey self-reports to a…
Descriptors: Measurement, Bias, Measurement Techniques, Questionnaires
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Menold, Natalja; Tausch, Anja – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Effects of rating scale forms on cross-sectional reliability and measurement equivalence were investigated. A randomized experimental design was implemented, varying category labels and number of categories. The participants were 800 students at two German universities. In contrast to previous research, reliability assessment method was used,…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Test Reliability, Measurement, Classification