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Showing 31 to 45 of 62 results Save | Export
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West, Brady T.; Li, Dan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In face-to-face surveys, interviewer observations are a cost-effective source of paradata for nonresponse adjustment of survey estimates and responsive survey designs. Unfortunately, recent studies have suggested that the accuracy of these observations can vary substantially among interviewers, even after controlling for household-, area-, and…
Descriptors: Observation, Interviews, Error of Measurement, Accuracy
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Barrenechea, Rodrigo; Mahoney, James – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article develops a set-theoretic approach to Bayes's theorem and Bayesian process tracing. In the approach, hypothesis testing is the procedure whereby one updates beliefs by narrowing the range of states of the world that are regarded as possible, thus diminishing the domain in which the actual world can reside. By explicitly connecting…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Hypothesis Testing, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Trouille, David; Tavory, Iddo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article makes the case for shadowing as ethnographic methodology: focusing attention on what occurs as interlocutors move among settings and situations. Whereas ethnographers often zoom in on one principal set of situations or site, we argue that intersituational variation broadens and deepens the researcher's ethnographic account as well as…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Immigrants, Hispanic Americans, Parks
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Fullerton, Andrew S.; Xu, Jun – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Adjacent category logit models are ordered regression models that focus on comparisons of adjacent categories. These models are particularly useful for ordinal response variables with categories that are of substantive interest. In this article, we consider unconstrained and constrained versions of the partial adjacent category logit model, which…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Models, Classification, Comparative Analysis
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Algesheimer, René; Bagozzi, Richard P.; Dholakia, Utpal M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
We offer a new conceptualization and measurement models for constructs at the group-level of analysis in small group research. The conceptualization starts with classical notions of group behavior proposed by Tönnies, Simmel, and Weber and then draws upon plural subject theory by philosophers Gilbert and Tuomela to frame a new perspective…
Descriptors: Models, Groups, Group Behavior, Theories
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Spaiser, Viktoria; Hedström, Peter; Ranganathan, Shyam; Jansson, Kim; Nordvik, Monica K.; Sumpter, David J. T. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
It is widely recognized that segregation processes are often the result of complex nonlinear dynamics. Empirical analyses of complex dynamics are however rare, because there is a lack of appropriate empirical modeling techniques that are capable of capturing complex patterns and nonlinearities. At the same time, we know that many social phenomena…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Research Methodology, Social Systems, Systems Approach
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Dafoe, Allan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Social scientists routinely address temporal dependence by adopting a simple technical fix. However, the correct identification strategy for a causal effect depends on causal assumptions. These need to be explicated and justified; almost no studies do so. This article addresses this shortcoming by offering a precise general statement of the…
Descriptors: Nonparametric Statistics, Influences, Social Science Research, Time
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Legleye, Stéphane; Charrance, Géraldine; Razafindratsima, Nicolas; Bajos, Nathalie; Bohet, Aline; Moreau, Caroline – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Background: Reliability of nonprobability online volunteer panels for epidemiological purposes has rarely been studied. Objectives: To assess the quality of a questionnaire on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) administered in a nonprobability Web panel and in a random telephone survey (n = 8,992; n = 8,437, age 16-49 years). Especially, we were…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Birth, Questionnaires, Adolescents
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Grané, Aurea; Romera, Rosario – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Survey data are usually of mixed type (quantitative, multistate categorical, and/or binary variables). Multidimensional scaling (MDS) is one of the most extended methodologies to visualize the profile structure of the data. Since the past 60s, MDS methods have been introduced in the literature, initially in publications in the psychometrics area.…
Descriptors: Surveys, Data, Multidimensional Scaling, Robustness (Statistics)
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Fulton, Brad R. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Surveys provide a critical source of data for scholars, yet declining response rates are threatening the quality of data being collected. This threat is particularly acute among organizational studies that use key informants--the mean response rate for published studies is 34 percent. This article describes several response enhancing strategies…
Descriptors: Surveys, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Organizations (Groups), Bias
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Vis, Barbara; Dul, Jan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Analyzing relationships of necessity is important for both scholarly and applied research questions in the social sciences. An often-used technique for identifying such relationships--"fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis" (fsQCA)--has limited ability to make the most out of the data used. The set-theoretical technique fsQCA makes…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Social Science Research, Theories
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Torche, Florencia; Corvalan, Alejandro – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article distinguishes three measures of intergenerational economic mobility that emerge when the population is divided into groups: overall individual mobility, within-group mobility, and between-group mobility. We clarify their properties and the relationship between them. We then evaluate Clark's use of surname between-group persistence as…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Computation, Generational Differences, Persistence
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Davidov, Eldad; Dülmer, Hermann; Cieciuch, Jan; Kuntz, Anabel; Seddig, Daniel; Schmidt, Peter – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
It is necessary to test for equivalence of measurements across groups to guarantee that comparisons of regression coefficients or mean scores of a latent factor are meaningful. Unfortunately, when tested, many scales display nonequivalence. Several researchers have suggested that nonequivalence may be used as a useful source of information as to…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Multivariate Analysis, Social Science Research, Attitude Measures
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Muthén, Bengt; Asparouhov, Tihomir – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article reviews and compares recently proposed factor analytic and item response theory approaches to the study of invariance across groups. Two methods are described and contrasted. The alignment method considers the groups as a fixed mode of variation, while the random-intercept, random-loading two-level method considers the groups as a…
Descriptors: Measurement, Factor Analysis, Item Response Theory, Statistical Analysis
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Munck, Ingrid; Barber, Carolyn; Torney-Purta, Judith – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This study applies the alignment method, a technique for assessing measurement equivalence across many groups, to the analysis of adolescents' support for immigrants' rights in a pooled data set from the 1999 International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Civic Education Study and the 2009 IEA International Civics…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Social Attitudes, Adolescent Attitudes, Comparative Analysis
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