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Mohammed, M. A.; Ibrahim, A. I. N.; Siri, Z.; Noor, N. F. M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In this article, a numerical method integrated with statistical data simulation technique is introduced to solve a nonlinear system of ordinary differential equations with multiple random variable coefficients. The utilization of Monte Carlo simulation with central divided difference formula of finite difference (FD) method is repeated n times to…
Descriptors: Monte Carlo Methods, Calculus, Sampling, Simulation
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Gummer, Tobias – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Survey research is still confronted by a trend of increasing nonresponse rates. In this context, several methodological advances have been made to stimulate participation and avoid bias. Yet, despite the growing number of tools and methods to deal with nonresponse, little is known about whether nonresponse biases show similar trends as nonresponse…
Descriptors: Bias, Surveys, Foreign Countries, Response Rates (Questionnaires)
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Kappelhof, Johannes W. S.; De Leeuw, Edith D. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This study investigates the impact of different modes and tailor-made response enhancing measures (TMREM)--such as bilingual interviewers with a shared ethnic background and translated questionnaires--on the measurement of substantive variables in surveys among minority ethnic groups in the Netherlands. It also provides insight into the ability to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Minority Groups, Ethnic Groups, Computation
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Johnson, Michael Lee; Sedory, Stephen A.; Singh, Sarjinder – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In this article, alternative randomized response models are proposed, which make use of sum of quantitative scores generated from two decks of cards being used in a survey. The proposed methods are compared to the Odumade and Singh and Singh and Grewal models through a simulation study. It is shown that the modified methods can be used more…
Descriptors: Scores, Surveys, Responses, Models
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Jaeger, Mads Meier – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article analyzes the effect of interviewers' physical attractiveness on cooperation rates in face-to-face interviews and survey responses (self-reports on physical appearance, weight, and health). This article includes four aspects of physical attractiveness (facial attractiveness, voice attractiveness, body mass index [BMI], and height) and…
Descriptors: Researchers, Individual Characteristics, Aesthetics, Cooperation
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Block, Per; Stadtfeld, Christoph; Snijders, Tom A. B. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Two approaches for the statistical analysis of social network generation are widely used; the tie-oriented exponential random graph model (ERGM) and the stochastic actor-oriented model (SAOM) or Siena model. While the choice for either model by empirical researchers often seems arbitrary, there are important differences between these models that…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Social Networks, Models, Network Analysis
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Fondevila-McDonald, Yvonne; Molinero-Ruiz, Emília; Vergara-Duarte, Montse; Guillén, Montserrat; Ollé-Espluga, Laia; Menéndez, María; Benach, Joan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Information quality deficiencies have been detected in occupational safety and health surveys in Europe, which typically gather self-reported data responded by employers or their representatives. For instance, their low response rates and informant profiles make estimations on establishments with safety representatives (SRs) unreliable. We tested…
Descriptors: Computation, Occupational Safety and Health, Surveys, Foreign Countries
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Shi, Yongren; Cameron, Christopher J.; Heckathorn, Douglas D. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Respondent-driven sampling (RDS), a link-tracing sampling and inference method for studying hard-to-reach populations, has been shown to produce asymptotically unbiased population estimates when its assumptions are satisfied. However, some of the assumptions are prohibitively difficult to reach in the field, and the violation of a crucial…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Bias, Recruitment, Sampling
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Almquist, Zack W.; Bagozzi, Benjamin E. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Radical social movements are broadly engaged in, and dedicated to, promoting change in their social environment. In their corresponding efforts to call attention to various causes, communicate with like-minded groups, and mobilize support for their activities, radical social movements also produce an enormous amount of text. These texts, like…
Descriptors: Activism, Social Change, Social Networks, Conservation (Environment)
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Heimer, Carol A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article examines the practices of ethnographers carrying out research in and, especially, on organizations. Ethnographers studying organizations, like other ethnographers, emphasize close observation and understanding the meaning of actions, words, and artifacts; they differ from other fieldworkers, though, in focusing on the organization…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Organizations (Groups), Interpersonal Relationship, Research Problems
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Fine, Gary Alan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Much contemporary ethnography hopes to engage with a community to justify social critique. Whether from problem selection, interpersonal rewards, or a desire for exchange, researchers often take the "side" of informants. Such an approach, linked to "public ethnography," marginalizes a once-traditional approach to fieldwork,…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Epistemology, Local Issues, Research Methodology
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Blee, Kathleen – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Field relationships shape the questions that researchers ask and the theories they develop. This article compares my interactions with research participants in a study of white supremacists with those in a study of mainstream grassroots activists. It demonstrates how expectations and negotiations with research participants affect theorizing by…
Descriptors: Theories, Interpersonal Relationship, Researchers, Racial Discrimination
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Jerolmack, Colin; Murphy, Alexandra K. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Masking, the practice of hiding or distorting identifying information about people, places, and organizations, is usually considered a requisite feature of ethnographic research and writing. This is justified both as an ethical obligation to one's subjects and as a scientifically neutral position (as readers are enjoined to treat a case's…
Descriptors: Ethics, Ethnography, Sociology, Social Science Research
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Menchik, Daniel A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Ethnographers often study those who periodically meet to interact in multiple venues. This article focuses on how people who share and engage in tasks in recurrently visited venues define and change their social projects' problems and solutions. To address the complexities of this "meta-work," I introduce the concept of…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Geographic Location, Interpersonal Relationship, Medicine
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Elzinga, Cees H.; Studer, Matthias – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
We explore the relations between the notion of distance and a feature set--based concept of similarity and show that this concept of similarity has a spatial interpretation that is complementary to distance: it is interpreted as "direction." Furthermore, we show how proper normalization leads to distances that can be directly interpreted…
Descriptors: Proximity, Age Differences, Norms, Foreign Countries
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