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Dickhauser, Oliver; Reinhard, Marc-Andre; Englert, Chris – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2011
The importance of performance expectancies for the prediction of regulation of behavior and actual performance has long been established. Building on theories from the field of social cognition, we suggest that the level of performance expectancies, as well as the certainty of the expectancy, have a joint influence on an individual's beliefs and…
Descriptors: Persistence, Social Cognition, Secondary School Students, Prediction
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Reinhard, Marc-Andre; Dickhauser, Oliver; Marksteiner, Tamara; Sporer, Siegfried L. – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2011
In a study with 365 teacher students, 447 teacher trainees, and 123 teachers, the ability to detect students' deception was tested. Participants judged the credibility of videotaped students who were accused of academic dishonesty (having cheated in a test). Half of these messages were actually true (students had not cheated on the test) and half…
Descriptors: Expertise, Teacher Characteristics, Deception, Teaching Experience
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Dickhauser, Oliver; Reinhard, Marc-Andre – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2009
Individuals with low Need for Cognition (NFC) have been found to process information using a peripheral route compared to individuals higher in NFC. These differences affect the formation of performance expectancies. Based on previous work demonstrating that the formation of performance expectancies can be understood as an information processing…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Grade 10, Individual Characteristics, Schemata (Cognition)