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Muetterties, Carly; Swan, Kathy – Social Education, 2019
Change comes when individuals transform themselves first and then move outward into the world. The C3 Framework lays out a vision for civic action within Dimension 4 of the Inquiry Arc in a section titled "Taking Informed Action." The Framework emphasizes that "It is important to note that taking informed action … should be grounded…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Activism, Social Action, Civics
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Swan, Kathy; Lee, John; Grant, S. G. – Social Education, 2019
This article discusses a new set of inquiries based on the C3 Framework that provides questions, tasks, and sources to launch classroom examinations of the Korean War and its many aftershocks. Compelling and supporting questions, formative and summative performance tasks, and disciplinary sources provide teachers and their students with the…
Descriptors: War, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Swan, Kathy; Lee, John; Grant, S.G. – Social Education, 2018
The number one question educators ask about inquiry is how many time a year should it be done. One of the inescapable challenges to inquiry is its lack of efficiency in "covering" content. Inquiry necessarily takes longer than direct instruction and this can be problematic for teachers struggling to find time to cover the breadth of…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Teaching Methods, Social Studies, Curriculum
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Grant, S. G.; Swan, Kathy; Lee, John – Social Education, 2017
Successful inquiries using the C3 Framework depend on compelling questions that structure an inquiry and supporting questions that allow the inquiry to unfold coherently. The Inquiry Design Model (IDM) reflects the three elements common in inquiry teaching and learning. Those elements--questions, tasks, and sources--are represented in a one-page…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Inquiry, Active Learning, Social Studies
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Swan, Kathy; Lee, John; Grant, S. G. – Social Education, 2015
The Uncle Tom's Cabin inquiry illustrates the Inquiry Design Model structure as students examine Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel to explore how words can affect public opinion.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Novels, Public Opinion, United States History
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Lee, John; Swan, Kathy; Grant, S. G. – Social Education, 2015
The implementation of the C3 Framework has unfolded unlike any previous standards project. A grassroots movement rather than a top-down mandate, the C3 effort calls on teachers to be at the forefront of social studies reform. In New York State, the C3 Framework provided context and inspiration for the New York Social Studies Toolkit Project.…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Educational Change, Teacher Role, Teacher Empowerment
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Grant, S. G.; Swan, Kathy; Lee, John – Social Education, 2015
This article describes in detail, the New York State (NYS) Social Studies Toolkit, a curriculum and instructional resource that builds out from the recently released New York State K-12 Social Studies Framework, which reflects the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards. The Toolkit has been developed by…
Descriptors: Social Studies, College Readiness, Career Readiness, Citizenship Education
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Swan, Kathy; Griffin, Susan – Social Education, 2013
When the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards project began, there really was nowhere else to go but up. The project was up against great odds--a dearth of funding, a history of incivility amongst the disciplines within social studies, a knack for ending up in media battles over what should be taught in…
Descriptors: Social Studies, State Standards, Interdisciplinary Approach, Cooperative Programs
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Swan, Kathy; Hofer, Mark; Swan, Gerry; Mazur, Joan – Social Education, 2010
Podcasting remains one of the hot "buzz words" in technology today--both in and out of schools. For high school economics teachers, there is a growing number of podcasts targeted for instruction on economics. While the podcasts can be useful resources for teachers trying to enhance students' economic thinking, they are not produced…
Descriptors: Economics Education, Economics, Handheld Devices, Audio Equipment