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Showing 1 to 15 of 516 results Save | Export
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Brezina, Vaclav; Pallotti, Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2019
Morphological complexity (MC) is a relatively new construct in second language acquisition (SLA). After critically discussing existing approaches to calculating MC in first- and second-language acquisition research, this article presents a new operationalization of the construct, the Morphological Complexity Index (MCI). The MCI is applied in two…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Morphology (Languages), Teaching Methods
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Second Language Research, 2019
Studies in second language acquisition (SLA) increasingly rely on measures of linguistic complexity to assess second language (L2) proficiency and development. While an important number of studies have risen to the call of studying a broader range of complexity related constructs (Bulté and Housen, 2012; Norris and Ortega, 2009), few have examined…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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van der Slik, Frans; Hout, Roeland van; Schepens, Job – Second Language Research, 2019
Applied linguistics may benefit from a morphological complexity measure to get a better grip on language learning problems and to better understand what kind of typological differences between languages are more important than others in facilitating or impeding adult learning of an additional language. Using speaking proficiency scores of 9,000…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphology (Languages), Applied Linguistics, Language Classification
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Paquot, Magali – Second Language Research, 2019
This article reports on the first results of a large-scale research programme that aims to define and circumscribe the construct of phraseological complexity and to theoretically and empirically demonstrate its relevance for second language theory. Within this broad agenda, the study has two main objectives. First, it investigates to what extent…
Descriptors: Interlanguage, Phrase Structure, Second Language Learning, Language Research
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Housen, Alex; De Clercq, Bastien; Kuiken, Folkert; Vedder, Ineke – Second Language Research, 2019
In the past decades, there has been a surge in interest in the study of language complexity in second language (L2) research. In this article we provide an overview of current theoretical and methodological practices in L2 complexity research, while simultaneously framing these within the broader scientific interest into the notion of complexity.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Research, Syntax
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Smeets, Liz – Second Language Research, 2019
This article investigates near-native grammars at the syntax--discourse interface by examining the second language (L2) acquisition of two different domains of object movement in Dutch, which exhibit syntax-discourse or syntax-semantics level properties. English and German near-native speakers of Dutch, where German but not English allows the same…
Descriptors: Syntax, Second Language Learning, Indo European Languages, Semantics
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Leal, Tania; Destruel, Emilie; Hoot, Bradley – Second Language Research, 2019
This paper examines the strategies used by speakers of Spanish as a second language (L2) for marking Information Focus, a phenomenon found at the syntax-discourse interface. Sorace and colleagues have proposed the Interface Hypothesis, according to which the syntax-discourse interface poses unique challenges for bilinguals (Sorace, 2011). With…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Syntax, Discourse Analysis
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Su, Jiajia – Second Language Research, 2019
This article reports on a study investigating the second language (L2) acquisition of the plural and human features in Mandarin Chinese by adult Korean speakers. Both plural and human features are represented in Korean and Chinese, but assembled in different ways. Forty-eight L2 learners at beginner, intermediate, and advanced Chinese proficiency…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Morphemes, Mandarin Chinese, Korean
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Zhang, Xiaopeng; Dong, Xiaoli – Second Language Research, 2019
The interaction between input frequency and constructional interference receives little attention in second language (L2) research. Two studies were conducted to test the effect of this interaction. Study 1 examined effects of both Zipfian frequency (ZF) and balanced frequency (BF) on L2 learning of English subject-extracted relative clauses…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Second Language Learning, Language Research, English (Second Language)
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Lu, Yuan – Second Language Research, 2019
This study investigated second language distribution of Chinese connectives by tallying responses on a mini-discourse completion test taken by English-speaking learners with different language learning backgrounds and at different proficiency levels. The results showed that an underuse pattern underlay practically all Chinese connectives as a…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Chinese, Form Classes (Languages), Cognitive Ability
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Frederiksen, Anne Therese; Mayberry, Rachel I. – Second Language Research, 2019
Previous research on reference tracking has revealed a tendency towards over-explicitness in second language (L2) learners. Only limited evidence exists that this trend extends to situations where the learner's first and second languages do not share a sensory-motor modality. Using a story-telling paradigm, this study examined how hearing novice…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, American Sign Language, Native Language, Psychomotor Skills
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Jacob, Gunnar; Safak, Duygu Fatma; Demir, Orhan; Kirkici, Bilal – Second Language Research, 2019
In a masked morphological priming experiment, we compared the processing of derived and inflected morphologically complex Turkish words in heritage speakers of Turkish living in Berlin and in native speakers of Turkish raised and living in Turkey. The results show significant derivational and inflectional priming effects of a similar magnitude in…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Turkish, Priming, Native Language
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Jessen, Anna; Felser, Claudia – Second Language Research, 2019
The present study used event related potentials (ERPs) to investigate how native (L1) German-speaking second-language (L2) learners of English process sentences containing filler-gap dependencies such as "Bill liked the house (women) that Bob built some ornaments for __ at his workplace." Using an experimental design which allowed us to…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Native Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Al-Thubaiti, Kholoud A. – Second Language Research, 2019
This study examines whether the second language acquisition (L2A) of syntactic properties at the interfaces is problematic for L2 learners. English verb phrase ellipsis (VPE) was tested as an interface property which involves feature interpretability. Two subtle contrasts of VPE at different grammar-internal interfaces were examined: (a) copula…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Syntax
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