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Wilson, Valerie; Hall, John – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
A literature review of teacher stress in Scotland found that hours worked by teachers have not changed significantly over the last decade, but the number of unpopular tasks over which teachers have little control has increased, resulting in increased stress. Being forced to implement mandated changes also increases teacher stress. (Contains 46…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Collegiality, Coping, Educational Change
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Donn, Gari – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
Two visions of the role of education are apparent within the Scottish Parliament--education for economic growth and education for informed citizenship and social justice. Responses to the national debate on education indicate that people favor the latter and do not want more and more initiatives. The challenge is to strive for improvement within…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education
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Stocks, John – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
During the 1930s, middle-class Scottish children almost always attended college preparatory secondary schools, whether by academic ability, payment of fees, or parent assertiveness. This class-biased system of selection had few critics because it favored the more articulate members of society. Opposition to the selection system was due more to…
Descriptors: Educational Attitudes, Educational History, Educational Policy, Equal Education
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Brisard, Estelle – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
Teacher education programs are based on cultural and political assumptions about the processes involved in learning to teach and about what constitutes good teaching. A comparative study of teacher education in France, England, and Scotland examines differences in course structure, school placements, training support, professional educational…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cooperating Teachers, Cultural Influences, Foreign Countries
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Besley, A. C. – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
In Scotland, school counseling and guidance are provided by teachers who are not trained counselors. Two recent reports provide the policy rationale for introducing full-time guidance counselors trained from the ranks of experienced teachers, similar to a New Zealand model. Professional counselors would be part of an interdisciplinary team…
Descriptors: Confidentiality, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Cloonan, Martin; Crossan, Beth – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
Individual and focus-group interviews explored barriers and motivations to lifelong learning among residents of a disadvantaged area of Glasgow (Scotland). Some participants were motivated to pursue adult education to improve employment opportunities, but motivations related to social and community networks were also important. The current policy…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Disadvantaged Environment, Economically Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship
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Donn, Gari – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
The Scottish Executive called for a national debate on the future of education to be held in the Scottish Parliament, March- July 2002. Major concerns of various Parliamentary committees included improved and equitable education, particularly for children with disabilities; accountability; and the development of a qualifications framework for…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Accountability, Disabilities, Education Work Relationship
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Boyd, Brian; Simpson, Mary; Gooday, Margaret – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
A Scottish council commissioned a study to inform development of policy concerning ability grouping, timetabling, and other practices related to the transition from primary to secondary schooling. Although the researchers became aware that the council expected a report supportive of their policies, the data supported the view that the key to…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Class Organization, Developmental Continuity, Educational Attitudes
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Menter, Ian – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
Teacher supply and recruitment, teacher pay and working conditions, institutional structures, and policy contexts are compared for England and Scotland. In Scotland, the fundamental approach to teacher employment and retention is based on rewarding teachers and improving conditions. The exaggerated centralization of English education policy, with…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Mannion, Greg – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
A study examined the role of school culture in student transitions to postcompulsory education in Scotland. Findings from 36 focus groups with 152 secondary students, college students, and job trainees indicate that schooling offered limited opportunities for identification with the world of work and for pathways other than staying on, and…
Descriptors: Aspiration, Education Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Negative Attitudes
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McPherson, Ian – Scottish Educational Review, 2002
This book offers ways to answer questions about public trust in teachers. Discourses on teachers as transmitters of moral and cognitive virtues and on the unsatisfactory nature of competing models of theory-practice relationships are grounded in an interpretation of Aristotle's Phronesis as moral wisdom. Education is only one of the purposes of…
Descriptors: Book Reviews, Educational Philosophy, Ethics, Models
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Tett, Lyn; Caddell, Dorothy; Crowther, Jim; O'Hara, Paul – Scottish Educational Review, 2001
A two-phase study of how schools engage parents in their children's learning involved surveys of headteachers and school board chairpersons at 35 Scottish primary schools and of 47 parents of first-grade children at 4 schools. Teachers were generally committed to involving parents but were not necessarily adept at sharing information with them.…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Organizational Communication, Parent Attitudes
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Anderson, Tony; Soden, Rebecca; Hunter, Simon – Scottish Educational Review, 2001
In a peer interaction task involving controversial topics, 30 undergraduate psychology students identified strengths and weaknesses of various items of evidence. Participants could make some appropriate criticisms of evidence and were most positive about research-based evidence. However, generalizations were most frequently used to bolster…
Descriptors: College Students, Critical Thinking, Generalization, Higher Education
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Gavine, David – Scottish Educational Review, 2001
Traces how the assessment of special educational needs has been carried out in Scotland since 1980. Discusses ambiguity of terminology in legislative and policy documents between needs located within the child and those related to educational resources; difficulties caused by abolition of student categorization by handicap; and suggestions for…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Legislation, Educational Needs, Educational Practices
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Powney, Janet; Lowden, Kevin – Scottish Educational Review, 2001
Reviews alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use by youth in the United Kingdom, and explores some problems with drug education in Scottish schools. Discusses teachers' lack of confidence in their own credibility as drug educators; moral dilemmas arising from values conflicts between teachers, students, and families; teacher responsibilities; and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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