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Thomas, Debra Kelly; Milenkovic, Lisa; Marousky, Annamargareth – Science and Children, 2019
Computer science (CS) and computational thinking (a problem-solving process used by computer scientists) teach students design, logical reasoning, and problem solving--skills that are valuable in life and in any career. Computational thinking (CT) concepts such as decomposition teach students how to break down and tackle a large complex problem.…
Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Computer Simulation, Computer Science Education
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Adelmund, Donna; Uhlenberg, Jill – Science and Children, 2019
Fidget spinners have become a fixation among school children and adults. Pappas (2017) hails spinners as both a boon to stress relief and a constraint on the ability to focus in persons with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism. Spinners can be a distraction in school classrooms, to the point that many schools have banned…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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Westman, Brittainy; Whitworth, Brooke A. – Science and Children, 2019
PEOE (predict, explain, observe, explain) is a strategy that supports conceptual change (Dial et al. 2009). "Conceptual change" is a process through which students can change their understandings, ideas, or beliefs (diSessa 1993; Konicek-Moran and Keeley 2015). This style of lesson allows students to express their scientific ideas…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Toys, Physics, Scientific Concepts
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Holub, Jordan; Kruse, Jerrid; Menke, Lucas – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, the authors focus on students constructing observations of patterns to understand how surfaces affect the motion of an object. Students will use the patterns they observe to predict future motion of marbles (NGSS Lead States 2013). Students then apply their learning by engaging in an engineering task. By giving students a task to…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Motion, Physics
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Presser, Ashley Lewis; Dominguez, Ximena; Goldstein, Marion; Vidiksis, Regan; Kamdar, Danae – Science and Children, 2019
Investigating real-world phenomena in a playful, exploratory setting is a natural process for young children. Teachers can capitalize on children's curiosity to foster their understanding of science ideas and their engagement in science practices, such as predicting, experimenting, observing, comparing, and contrasting. Force and motion…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Motion, Scientific Concepts
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Lemaster, Jodi; Willett, Vicki – Science and Children, 2019
Observing children tossing a ball in a game of catch or pumping their legs to move a swing, it is obvious that they have already experienced and learned to control the basics of pushes and pulls. Through everyday experiences as simple as rolling a ball across the floor, to more complex activities like team sports, children are building a…
Descriptors: Playgrounds, Science Instruction, Physics, Motion
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Brown, Patrick – Science and Children, 2019
Students come to class with ideas about science content and the practices used to generate knowledge. Their lived experience provides them with basic ideas about how the world works. Tapping into their innate understandings and testing their ideas allows them to construct a more accurate understanding. Research shows that all students are ready to…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts, Energy
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Lee, Okhee; Januszyk, Rita – Science and Children, 2019
According to the vision of the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS), science and engineering are language intensive and offer both opportunities and challenges for all students, especially English learners (ELs), who are developing language and disciplinary knowledge and practices simultaneously. To support ELs of varying levels of…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, English Language Learners, Language Proficiency, Formative Evaluation
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Haverly, Christa; Sedlmeyer, Kim – Science and Children, 2019
Formative assessments serve to engage students in active sense-making, making them critical tools for both teachers and students. Though formative assessments may be an informal mode of assessing, they are one of the most important, especially when teaching science. As a subject, teaching science does not have the same kind of beginning-middle-end…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Formative Evaluation, Grade 1, Elementary School Science
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Hanuscin, Deborah; King, Karen; Cisterna, Dante – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, the authors present a 5E learning cycle for fifth grade that focuses on using a model of matter to explain the properties they observe, and how those properties can help identify whether two objects are made of the same type of matter. That model also helps explain phenomena such as why a specific material floats, no matter how…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Science, Models, Scientific Concepts
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Benedict-Chambers, Amanda; Fortner, Terra – Science and Children, 2019
Effective teachers understand the importance of asking the right kind of questions to facilitate the learning of all their students. By learning what questions to ask and when, teachers can engage their students in instruction that aligns to the vision of the "Next Generation Science Standards" (Benedict-Chambers et al. 2017; NGSS Lead…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Equipment, Electronics
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Mendez, James; Baird, Kate; Patino, Greicy – Science and Children, 2019
Picture this: a PhD chemist, PhD science educator, and a preservice Latina elementary educator walk into an aftercare program for primary and intermediate students from a rural school. These students are identified as low income and at risk and therefore eligible to participate in this school-provided aftercare. While across the state, these same…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, After School Programs, Low Income Students, At Risk Students
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Glen, Nicole; Moukhtarian, Amber – Science and Children, 2019
Scientists' writing includes organized data, calculations, sketches and models, inventories and lists, timelines, detailed descriptions, locations, conditions, actions, schedules, information about variables, goals, hypotheses, research, notes, summaries of experiments, and reports to others (Fulton and Campbell 2014). By using scaffolded science…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Notetaking, Writing Skills, Scientists
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Robertson, Laura; Dunlap, Eric; Nivens, Ryan; Barnett, Kelli – Science and Children, 2019
This 5E (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate) learning cycle integrating science and mathematics challenges and engages second-grade students in designing sail cars to solve an engineering problem. Students create and use line plots to organize their data to evaluate the strengths and weakness of their design solutions. Three…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Interdisciplinary Approach, Elementary School Students
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Scott, Catherine; Carroll, Kimberly – Science and Children, 2019
The authors focused on using antiques to learn how to teach elementary children about science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in a historical context; they refer to the historical objects as "antique artifacts." By studying antiques, students get a real-world opportunity to learn how people in their local area and beyond…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, STEM Education, Grade 2, Grade 3
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