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Turkmen, Lutfullah – Science Education International, 2013
The purpose of this study is to reveal Turkish elementary teachers' and science teachers' attitudes toward science and science teaching. The sample of the study, 138 in-service elementary level science teachers from a province of Turkey, was selected by a clustered sampling method. The Science Teaching Attitude Scale-II was employed to measure the…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers, Science Instruction
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Turkmen, Lutfullah; Bonnstetter, Ronald J. – Science Education International, 2007
The last one thousand years or more of Turkish science educational development have numerous historical similarities to other parts of the world. While documentation of historical educational developments are important to those whose ancestors are being described, the true value of this regional- and country-specific evolutionary historical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Science Education History, Intellectual History
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Turkmen, Lutfullah; Bonnstetter, Ronald – Science Education International, 1998
Contends that cultural contexts determine how science education goals can be met in any particular region. Describes the basic tenets of the nature of science and how these ideas can be incorporated into the Turkish curriculum. Contextual adaptation would include incorporating more hands-on science projects, focusing on scientific literacy skills,…
Descriptors: Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Turkmen, Lutfullah; Bonnstetter, Ron – Science Education International, 1997
Focuses on the general history, educational developments after 1923 and after 1960, primary science education developments, and a summary of the developments and changes in science education in Turkey. (DDR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Epistemology, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Representation