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Sbeglia, Gena C.; Nehm, Ross H. – Science Education, 2019
Theoretical perspectives and empirical research suggest that acceptance of evolution may be contingent upon what is evolving (e.g., plants vs. humans) and the scale of change (microevolution vs. macroevolution). The Inventory of Student Evolution Acceptance (I-SEA) is the only instrument designed to measure acceptance at different evolutionary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Evolution, Attitude Measures
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Perez, Tony; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Barger, Michael M.; Schwartz-Bloom, Rochelle D.; Lee, You-kyung; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Science Education, 2019
Despite efforts to attract and maintain diverse students in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) pipeline, issues with attrition from undergraduate STEM majors persist. The aim of this study was to examine how undergraduate science students' competence beliefs, task values, and perceived costs in science combine into motivational…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Academic Persistence, Majors (Students)
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Kang, Hosun; Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna; Simpkins, Sandra; Rhee, Hyang-yon; Turner, Chandler – Science Education, 2019
This study explores ways to support girls of color in forming their senses of selves in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) during the middle school years. Guided by social practice theory, we analyzed a large data set of survey responses (n = 1,821) collected at five middle schools in low-income communities across four states in the…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Females, Minority Group Students, STEM Education
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Green, André M.; Brand, Brenda R.; Glasson, George E. – Science Education, 2019
African American undergraduates' decision to change from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors while enrolled at a predominantly White university was the focus of this study. Through open-ended interviews, the students discussed circumstances leading to their nonpersistence. Commonly published reports on the lower…
Descriptors: African American Students, Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Majors (Students)
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Odden, Tor Ole B.; Russ, Rosemary S. – Science Education, 2019
In recent years, science education researchers have increasingly studied the ways in which students "make sense" of science. However, although researchers might all agree intuitively on what it looks like, the literature on sensemaking is theoretically fragmented. In this paper, we address this fragmentation by proposing a coherent…
Descriptors: Science Education, Researchers, Cognitive Processes, Comprehension
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Mutegi, Jomo W.; Sorge, Brandon; Fore, Grant A.; Gibau, Gina S. – Science Education, 2019
This mixed methods study reports data from the implementation of a 2-week nanotechnology camp for secondary level students. The camp, Nanotechnology Experiences for Students and Teachers, had the overarching goal of increasing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) interest among the next generation of potential STEM…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Secondary School Students, Camps, Science Interests
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Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl – Science Education, 2018
Calls for renewal of physics education include more varied learning activities and increased focus on qualitative understanding and history and philosophy of science (HPS) aspects. We have studied an innovative approach implementing such features in quantum physics in traditional upper secondary physics classrooms in Norway. Data consists of 11…
Descriptors: Science Education, Physics, Quantum Mechanics, Instructional Innovation
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Shim, Soo-Yean; Kim, Heui-Baik – Science Education, 2018
In this study, we examined students' epistemological and positional framing during small group scientific modeling to explore their context-dependent perceptions about knowledge, themselves, and others. We focused on two small groups of Korean eighth-grade students who participated in six modeling activities about excretion. The two groups were…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Grade 8
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Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Stearns, Elizabeth; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Moller, Stephanie – Science Education, 2018
This article investigates whether attending a high school that offers a specialized science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics program (high school with a STEM program) boosts the number of students majoring in STEM when they are in college. We use a longitudinal sample of students in North Carolina, whom we follow from middle school…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), High School Students, Correlation
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Young, Julia M.; Shepardson, Daniel P. – Science Education, 2018
Undergraduate students have different attitudes toward the geosciences, but few studies have investigated these attitudes using Q methodology. Q methodology allows the researcher to identify more detailed reasons for students' attitudes toward geology than Likert methodology. Thus this study used Q methodology to investigate the attitudes that 15…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Science Education, Earth Science, Geology
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Patall, Erika A.; Steingut, Rebecca R.; Freeman, Jen L.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Vasquez, Ariana C. – Science Education, 2018
Women remain underrepresented in physical science, engineering, and computer science college majors and careers. Prior research has suggested that motivational beliefs and experiences in high school play a critical role in girls' persistence in science fields. We hypothesized that compared to male students, female high school students may…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Females, High School Students, Majors (Students)
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Weinberg, Andrea E.; Trott, Carlie D.; Sample McMeeking, Laura B. – Science Education, 2018
Undergraduate research experiences (UREs) that include interdisciplinary, engagement-oriented, and collaborative experiences have the potential to benefit students in unique ways. Through these innovative experiences, students are able to see the social impact and importance of their work--a factor known to strengthen the academic and career…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, College Science
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Means, Barbara; Wang, Haiwen; Wei, Xin; Lynch, Sharon; Peters, Vanessa; Young, Viki; Allen, Carrie – Science Education, 2017
Inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs) (where STEM is science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) admit students on the basis of interest rather than competitive examination. This study examines the central assumption behind these schools--that they provide students from subgroups underrepresented in STEM with experiences that equip them…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High Schools, High School Students, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Gilbert, Andrew; Byers, Christie C. – Science Education, 2017
This exploratory project considers the use of "wonder" as a pedagogical tool with preservice elementary teachers (PSETs). An ongoing vexation facing science teacher educators is helping future elementary teachers overcome anxiety and negative associations with science due to their own school science experiences, while simultaneously…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education
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Berland, Leema; Crucet, Kathleen – Science Education, 2016
Science education has long seen an emphasis on supporting students' epistemological understandings of how scientific knowledge is constructed and evaluated with the expectation that these understandings will support the students' own construction and evaluation of scientific knowledge. However, research has shown that this connection does not…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Instruction, Student Attitudes, Scientific Concepts
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