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Sequeira, Manuel; Leite, Laurinda – Science Education, 1991
Authors describe some alternative conceptions held by Portuguese physics students about mechanics and compare students' scientific conceptions with the evolution of historical ideas. Authors contend that teacher knowledge about the history of science can facilitate teaching for conceptual change in physics. (over 20 references) (Authors/PR)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Learning Processes, Misconceptions
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Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Papantoniou, Vasso Spiliotopoulou – Science Education, 1999
Describes a study of Greek high school students' (n=116) perceptions of the ozone layer. Finds that students have a good understanding of the position and purpose of the ozone layer in terms of protection from ultraviolet rays, but students also hold misconceptions linking the ozone layer to the greenhouse effect and other forms of local…
Descriptors: Cancer, Earth Science, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries
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Beeth, Michael E.; Hewson, Peter W. – Science Education, 1999
Provides a detailed account of the significant components of Sister M. Gertrude Hennessey's instruction for conceptual change learning in an elementary science classroom. Discusses the implications of this case study for the practices of other teachers. Contains 40 references. (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Education, Elementary School Science
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Lubben, Fred; Netshisaulu, Tom; Campbell, Bob – Science Education, 1999
Explores African students' use of traditional Sotho cultural metaphoric reasoning in classifying everyday situations as "hot" or "cold" in order to document the extent to which such metaphoric reasoning is related to science misconceptions of heating. Finds that university students were able to distinguish between types of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, College Students, Cultural Background
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Macbeth, Douglas – Science Education, 2000
Organizes a reading of the conceptual change literature that brings into view a collection of design specifications for a conceptual change apparatus. Analyzes one such apparatus in the particulars of a science education demonstration program produced by the Harvard-Smithsonian Private Universe Project. (Contains 114 references.) (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Demonstrations (Science), Discourse Analysis, Light
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Mortimer, Eduardo F.; Machado, Andrea H. – Science Education, 2000
Analyzes a teaching episode to determine how a conflict is perceived and overcome by students as a result of verbal interaction between the teacher and the students. Discusses the particulate nature of matter with students aged 15-16 after observing a glass of water containing a rock and an ice cube. (Contains 25 references.) (Author/YDS)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Density (Matter)
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Linder, Cedric J. – Science Education, 1993
Argues that, by not considering examples drawn from students' everyday lives, a teacher is detracting from science itself. A challenge is made to Conceptual Change Learning Model advocates and users to embrace the idea of conceptual fitting based upon context as well as conceptual change when considering how students learn. (ZWH)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Constructivism (Learning), Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ross, Katharyn E. K.; Shuell, Thomas J. – Science Education, 1993
Summarizes the results of three related studies whose overall purpose was to determine elementary students' conceptions about earthquakes at two widely separated locations in the United States. Certain topics, such as the cause of earthquakes, seemed to cause difficulty for students. New definitional responses emerged in the studies that took…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Earth Science, Earthquakes, Educational Research
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Fleer, Marilyn – Science Education, 1993
Examines the research literature in science education to determine how appropriate it is for teaching science to young children 3-5 years of age. In the context of this discussion, a model for the teaching of science in early childhood is presented. For clarity and continuity, the example of teaching electricity is used throughout. (PR)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Educational Research, Electricity, Literature Reviews
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Kindfield, A. C. H. – Science Education, 1994
Reports on the meiosis models utilized by five individuals at each of three levels of expertise in genetics as each reasoned about this process in an individual interview setting. Results revealed a set of biologically correct features common to all individuals' models as well as a variety of model flaws (i.e., meiosis misunderstandings) which are…
Descriptors: Biology, Educational Research, Genetics, High Schools
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Hills, George L. C. – Science Education, 1989
Explores how some of the work in the history and philosophy of science might develop a more adequate understanding of students' untutored ideas. Describes how students' views can be interpreted. Explains and discusses the merits of commonsense-scientific theory analogy. (YP)
Descriptors: Beliefs, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Misconceptions
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Bar, Varda – Science Education, 1989
Israeli children's (kindergarten to grade nine) explanations about the water cycle are described. Reports the children's views about the source of clouds and the mechanism of rainfall. It was concluded that understanding evaporation is a necessary condition for explaining a mechanism of rain containing the ideas of condensation and heaviness. (YP)
Descriptors: Climate, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Earth Science
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Lederman, Norman G.; Zeidler, Dana L. – Science Education, 1987
Reports on a study to test the validity of the assumption that a teacher's conception of the nature of science directly influences his/her classroom behavior. Recommends a redirection in science education to promote more adequate conceptions of the nature of science in secondary schools. (TW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Misconceptions, Science and Society
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Rogan, John M. – Science Education, 1988
Considers variables which affect the acquisition of the kinetic theory of heat by children who hold alternative viewpoints. Suggests that the articulation of different viewpoints in no way hinders the acquisition of the desired conceptual framework. Emphasizes the benefit to low-reasoning students in particular. (CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Heat, Kinetic Molecular Theory
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Hynd, Cynthia; And Others – Science Education, 1997
Investigates changes in preservice teachers' conceptions about projectile motion brought about by a combination of reading and demonstration and appeal to usefulness. Results indicate the effectiveness of a combined Demo-Text condition on immediate posttests and effectiveness of text in producing long-term change. Analysis also indicates an…
Descriptors: Demonstrations (Science), Educational Strategies, Elementary Education, Evaluation
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