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Meehan, Casey R.; Levy, Brett L. M.; Collet-Gildard, Lauren – Science Education, 2018
Broad misconceptions about global climate change (GCC) could hinder efforts to address this large-scale problem, and curricular materials can play a substantial role in what students learn about GCC. This study examines how U.S. high school textbooks and supplemental curricular materials published between 2007 and 2012 portray the causes,…
Descriptors: Secondary School Curriculum, Climate, Textbooks, Instructional Materials
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Romine, William L.; Todd, Amber N.; Clark, Travis B. – Science Education, 2016
We developed and validated a new instrument, called "Measuring Concept progressions in Acid-Base chemistry" (MCAB) and used it to better understand the progression of undergraduate students' understandings about acid-base chemistry. Items were developed based on an existing learning progression for acid-base chemistry. We used the Rasch…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, Scientific Concepts
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Wind, Stefanie A.; Gale, Jessica D. – Science Education, 2015
Multiple-choice (MC) items that are constructed such that distractors target known misconceptions for a particular domain provide useful diagnostic information about student misconceptions (Herrmann-Abell & DeBoer, 2011, 2014; Sadler, 1998). Item response theory models can be used to examine misconceptions distractor-driven multiple-choice…
Descriptors: Physical Sciences, Science Tests, Misconceptions, Item Response Theory
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Parker, Joan; Heywood, David – Science Education, 2013
Opportunities for the development of science-related pedagogy during training are necessarily limited for the generalist primary (elementary), preservice teacher. While school placement is an important context within which to develop such professional expertise, the role of institution-based learning is less well understood in this regard. This…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Science Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Reflection
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Williams, Michelle; DeBarger, Angela Haydel; Montgomery, Beronda L.; Zhou, Xuechun; Tate, Erika – Science Education, 2012
This study examines students' understanding of the normative connections between key concepts of cell division, including both mitosis and meiosis, and underlying biological principles that are critical for an in-depth understanding of genetic inheritance. Using a structural equation modeling method, we examine middle school students'…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Genetics, Middle School Students, Structural Equation Models
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Jakobsson, Anders; Makitalo, Asa; Saljo, Roger – Science Education, 2009
Much of the research on students' understanding of the greenhouse effect and global warming reports poor results. Students are claimed to hold misconceptions and naive beliefs, and the impact of teaching on their conceptions is also low. In the present study, these results are called into question, and it is argued that they may to a large extent…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Climate, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts
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Hamza, Karim M.; Wickman, Per-Olof – Science Education, 2008
Although misconceptions in science have been established in interview studies, their role during the learning process is poorly examined. In this paper, we use results from a classroom study to analyze to what extent nonscientific ideas in electrochemistry that students report in interviews enter into their learning in a more authentic setting. We…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Learning Experience, Misconceptions, Science Instruction
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Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose M.; Zubimendi, Jose L. – Science Education, 2004
This study examined university engineering and physical science students' misconceptions of the nature of magnetic field. It is assumed that a significant knowledge of the sources of magnetic field is a basic prerequisite when students have to think about electromagnetic phenomena. To analyze students' conceptions, we have taken into account the…
Descriptors: Magnets, Theories, Curriculum Development, Physical Sciences
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Wu, Hsin-Kai; Shah, Priti – Science Education, 2004
In this article, we examine the role of visuospatial cognition in chemistry learning. We review three related kinds of literature: correlational studies of spatial abilities and chemistry learning, students' conceptual errors and difficulties understanding visual representations, and visualization tools that have been designed to help overcome…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Visualization, Concept Formation, Spatial Ability
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Hellden, Gustav F.; Solomon, Joan – Science Education, 2004
In this paper we will examine the persistence of "misconceptions." We used data from a longitudinal study of personal ideas in 24 students' thinking about ecological processes. The results show students often speaking about personal experiences dating from an early age, to which they had also referred in similar interviews conducted years before.…
Descriptors: Ecology, Physics, Persistence, Personal Narratives
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Palmer, David H. – Science Education, 1999
Describes a study that investigated whether scientific and nonscientific understandings in the same content area are linked. Finds that students' (n=107) explanations indicate that they were using an "if-then" type of reasoning which linked scientific and nonscientific conceptions. Contains 39 references. (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Elementary Secondary Education
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Gomez, Miguel-Angel; And Others – Science Education, 1995
Discusses students' understanding of the qualitative conservation of matter and how this understanding is influenced by previous instruction in chemistry and task variables. Results show the influence of group membership, task content, and problem context on students' performance. (ZWH)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Conservation (Concept), Educational Research, Matter
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Hewson, Peter W.; Tabachnick, B. Robert; Zeichner, Kenneth M.; Blomker, Kathryn B.; Meyer, Helen; Lemberger, John; Marion, Robin; Park, Hyun-Ju; Toolin, Regina – Science Education, 1999
Introduces an issue that details a complex study of a science-teacher-education program whose goal was to graduate teachers who held conceptual change conceptions of teaching science and were disposed to put them into practice. Presents a conceptual framework for science-teacher education, and describes the context and major questions of the…
Descriptors: Action Research, Biology, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Secondary Education
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Hewson, Peter W.; Tabachnick, B. Robert; Zeichner, Kenneth M.; Lemberger, John – Science Education, 1999
Summarizes a complex study of a science-teacher-education program whose goal was to graduate teachers who held conceptual change conceptions of teaching science and were disposed to put hem into practice. Concludes that there are influences on prospective teachers from their content coursework that have significant implications for how they view…
Descriptors: Action Research, Biology, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Secondary Education
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Potari, Despina; Spiliotopoulou, Vassiliki – Science Education, 1996
Explores 11-year-old children's approaches to the concept of volume using 6 tasks that were developed to identify commonalities in children's responses. Results suggest that children hold and use different conceptions, in their effort to explain and compare aspects of volume, which fall in certain categories which were met in almost all the tasks.…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts
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