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Hutchison, Paul; Hammer, David – Science Education, 2010
Studies of learning in school settings indicate that many students frame activities in science classes as the production of answers for the teacher or test, rather than as making new sense of the natural world. A case study of an episode from a class taught by the first author demonstrates what productive and unproductive student framing can look…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Epistemology, Science Activities, Case Studies
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Lidar, Malena; Almqvist, Jonas; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2010
During the past few decades, researchers from a cognitive science tradition and a sociocultural perspective on learning have discussed how to understand students' conceptions of the earth. In this article, some of the questions discussed in this debate are elaborated in relation to meaning making in educational settings. The aim is to illustrate…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Cognitive Psychology, Grade 5, Epistemology
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Coffey, Janet E.; Hammer, David; Hutchison, Paul – Science Education, 2009
When teachers or students assess the quality of ideas in science classes, they do so mostly based on "textbook correctness"; ideas are good to the extent they align with or lead to the content as presented in the textbook or curriculum. Such appeals to authority are at odds with the values and practices within the disciplines of science. There has…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Epistemology, Science Education, Science Curriculum