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Kuhn, Deanna; Arvidsson, Toi Sin; Lesperance, Rosianne; Corprew, Rainikka – Science Education, 2017
It is now widely accepted, and indeed emphasized in the Next Generation Science Standards, that science education should encompass scientific practice as well as science content. By participating in an intellectual community engaged in the broad range of activities that constitute scientific inquiry, rather than simply mastering isolated science…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Secondary School Science, Problem Based Learning
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Berland, Leema; Crucet, Kathleen – Science Education, 2016
Science education has long seen an emphasis on supporting students' epistemological understandings of how scientific knowledge is constructed and evaluated with the expectation that these understandings will support the students' own construction and evaluation of scientific knowledge. However, research has shown that this connection does not…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Instruction, Student Attitudes, Scientific Concepts
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Stroupe, David – Science Education, 2014
The Next Generation Science Standards and other reforms call for students to learn science-as-practice, which I argue requires students to become epistemic agents--shaping the knowledge and practice of a science community. I examined a framework for teaching--ambitious instruction--that scaffolds students' learning of science-as-practice as…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Educational Practices, Communities of Practice, Teaching Methods
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Braun, Isabel; Nuckles, Matthias – Science Education, 2014
Scholarly scientific literature conveys epistemological assumptions scientists operate on. Popular scientific literature and instructional science texts deviate in their portrayal of science from these epistemological assumptions. Thus, scholarly scientific literature holds more potential for improving students' epistemological understanding…
Descriptors: Epistemology, High School Students, Journal Articles, Periodicals
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Morin, Olivier; Simonneaux, Laurence; Simmoneaux, Jean; Tytler, Russell; Barraza, Laura – Science Education, 2014
Within the increasing body of research that examines students' reasoning on socioscientific issues, we consider in particular student reasoning concerning acute, open-ended questions that bring out the complexities and uncertainties embedded in ill-structured problems. In this paper, we propose a socioscientific sustainability reasoning…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Web Based Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking
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Niebert, Kai; Marsch, Sabine; Treagust, David F. – Science Education, 2012
Many authors stress the importance of basing teaching on students' prior knowledge. To build a bridge between students' everyday knowledge and scientific concepts, the role of metaphors and analogies came into the focus of the science education community during the past two decades. Approaches using metaphor-based teaching strategies often regard…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Teaching Methods, Science Education, Figurative Language
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Ford, Michael J.; Wargo, Brian M. – Science Education, 2012
This article draws on M. M. Bakhtin's (1981) notion of dialogism to articulate what it means to understand a scientific idea. In science, understanding an idea is both conceptual and epistemic and is exhibited by an ability to use it in explanation and argumentation. Some distillation of these activities implies that dialogic understanding of a…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Observation, Evidence, Persuasive Discourse
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Osborne, Jonathan F.; Patterson, Alexis – Science Education, 2011
In this paper, we argue that there is an emergent confusion in the literature in the use of the terms "argument" and "explanation." Drawing on a range of publications, we point to instances where these terms are either used inappropriately or conflated. We argue that the distinction between these two constructs is, however, important as a lack of…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Epistemology, Concept Formation, Role
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Braaten, Melissa; Windschitl, Mark – Science Education, 2011
Scientific explanation plays a central role in science education reform documents, including the "Benchmarks for Science Literacy," the "National Science Education Standards", and the recent research report, "Taking Science to School." While scientific explanation receives significant emphases in these documents, there is little discussion or…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Concepts, Epistemology
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Hutchison, Paul; Hammer, David – Science Education, 2010
Studies of learning in school settings indicate that many students frame activities in science classes as the production of answers for the teacher or test, rather than as making new sense of the natural world. A case study of an episode from a class taught by the first author demonstrates what productive and unproductive student framing can look…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Epistemology, Science Activities, Case Studies
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Lidar, Malena; Almqvist, Jonas; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2010
During the past few decades, researchers from a cognitive science tradition and a sociocultural perspective on learning have discussed how to understand students' conceptions of the earth. In this article, some of the questions discussed in this debate are elaborated in relation to meaning making in educational settings. The aim is to illustrate…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Cognitive Psychology, Grade 5, Epistemology
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Coffey, Janet E.; Hammer, David; Hutchison, Paul – Science Education, 2009
When teachers or students assess the quality of ideas in science classes, they do so mostly based on "textbook correctness"; ideas are good to the extent they align with or lead to the content as presented in the textbook or curriculum. Such appeals to authority are at odds with the values and practices within the disciplines of science. There has…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Epistemology, Science Education, Science Curriculum
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Tsai, Chin-Chung – Science Education, 2007
Research about the relationship between teachers' scientific epistemological views (SEVs) and science instruction is often an important issue for many science educators. This study, by collecting research data from four Taiwanese science teachers, their students, and classroom observations, was carried out to examine the coherences between…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts, Rhetoric, Science Teachers
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Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria-Pilar; Reigosa, Carlos – Science Education, 2006
The process of construction of meanings for the concepts of concentration and neutralization is explored in terms of "contextualizing practices" (Lemke, 1990, "Talking Science. Language, Learning and Values," Norwood, NJ: Ablex) creation of meanings through connections established among actions and their context. This notion is expanded to include…
Descriptors: Grade 10, Science Laboratories, Chemistry, Epistemology
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Venville, Grady; Gribble, Susan J.; Donovan, Jennifer – Science Education, 2005
This research examined 9- to 15-year-old children's understandings about basic genetics concepts and how they integrated those understandings with their broader theories of biology. A cross-sectional case study method was used to explore the students' (n = 90) understandings of basic inheritance and molecular genetics concepts such as gene and…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Genetics, Preadolescents, Adolescents
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