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Brumby, Margaret N. – Science Education, 1984
Examined Australian medical school students' (N=150) conceptual frameworks and reasoning patterns related to natural selection. Results indicate that the majority believed that evolutionary changes occur as a result of need. Implications related to student learning and to science and medical education are considered. (JN)
Descriptors: Biology, College Science, Concept Formation, Evolution
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Stewart, James – Science Education, 1980
Describes cognitive mapping techniques compatible with the information processing view of human thinking. Student knowledge was assessed by clinical interview and performance on paper-and-pencil tasks. Concept maps and semantic networks were then constructed. Uses that these assessment tasks and representations might have in science education are…
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes, College Science
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Za'rour, George I.; Gholam, Ghada K. – Science Education, 1981
Assesses the level of intellectual development in proportional, combinatorial, and correlational reasoning and the ability to control variables in beginning sophomore students (N=207) at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Compares this level with their performance on achievement tests in mathematics, biology, chemistry, and physics. (CS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Biology, Chemistry, Cognitive Development
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Brumby, Margaret N. – Science Education, 1982
College students (N=52) were given unfamiliar or novel problems (written and interview responses) to determine how they characterize living things, criteria they use to distinguish between living/dead/nonliving, and to determine if their idea of life included the interrelationship between organisms and biosphere. Results and implications are…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Biology, College Science, College Students