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Penuel, William R.; Turner, Michael L.; Jacobs, Jennifer K.; Horne, Katie; Sumner, Tamara – Science Education, 2019
The vision for science proficiency presented in "A Framework for K-12 Science Education" calls for significant shifts in both teaching and assessment. In this paper, we describe an effort to develop and validate a set of "proximal transfer tasks" for high school biology classrooms where teachers were implementing a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, Guidelines, Elementary Secondary Education
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Borgerding, Lisa A.; Raven, Sara – Science Education, 2018
Many standards documents and learning progressions recommend evolution learning in elementary grades. Given young children's interest in dinosaurs and other fossils, fossil investigations can provide a rich entry into evolutionary biology for young learners. Educational psychology literature has addressed children's reasoning about foundational…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Summer Programs, Case Studies
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Kampourakis, Kostas; Silveira, Patricia; Strasser, Bruno J. – Science Education, 2016
Research suggests that students tend to explain the origin of biological traits in terms of needs or purposes and/or as the direct product of genes, rather than as the outcome of evolutionary and developmental processes. We suggest that in order for students to be able to construct scientific explanations, it is important to clearly and explicitly…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Knowledge Level