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Roth, Wolff-Michael; Jornet, Alfredo – Science Education, 2014
"Experience" is one of the most used terms in (science) education, and it is recognized as being related to learning (education). Yet "what" experience is and "how" it is related to learning and change remains untheorized. In this paper, we mainly draw on the work of J. Dewey and L. S. Vygotsky but also on M. Bakhtin…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Concepts, Experience, Philosophy
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Morin, Olivier; Simonneaux, Laurence; Simmoneaux, Jean; Tytler, Russell; Barraza, Laura – Science Education, 2014
Within the increasing body of research that examines students' reasoning on socioscientific issues, we consider in particular student reasoning concerning acute, open-ended questions that bring out the complexities and uncertainties embedded in ill-structured problems. In this paper, we propose a socioscientific sustainability reasoning…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Web Based Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking
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Brumby, Margaret N. – Science Education, 1984
Examined Australian medical school students' (N=150) conceptual frameworks and reasoning patterns related to natural selection. Results indicate that the majority believed that evolutionary changes occur as a result of need. Implications related to student learning and to science and medical education are considered. (JN)
Descriptors: Biology, College Science, Concept Formation, Evolution
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Prain, Vaughan; Hand, Brian – Science Education, 1999
Discusses students' perceptions of using writing as a component of their science learning. Results, collected over four years, are organized to include students' perceptions of writing in science, learning, ownership, purpose, and science. These results are then discussed in terms of students' developing metacognition and epistemologies of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Epistemology, Foreign Countries
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de Berg, Kevin C. – Science Education, 1989
Examines the possibility that part of the problem in the teaching of physical science may lie in teaching-learning materials. Selects 14 chemistry textbooks and 14 physics textbooks in Australia. Analyzes them based on learning theory and scientific literacy. (YP)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Foreign Countries, Physics, Science Curriculum
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Gunstone, Richard F.; White, Richard T. – Science Education, 1981
Reports results of a large-scale study that investigated the knowledge of gravity and related principles of mechanics possessed by first-year physics students (N=468) at Monash University, Australia. One conclusion is that students know a lot of physics but do not relate it to the everyday world. (CS)
Descriptors: College Science, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Prosser, Michael – Science Education, 1979
This study, conducted in an Australian institution, investigates the intellectual requirements of the mechanics section of a first-year college physics text. Instructional and prerequisite concepts were classified in terms of the intellectual skills required to understand them. (HM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, College Science, Content Analysis