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Penuel, William R.; Turner, Michael L.; Jacobs, Jennifer K.; Horne, Katie; Sumner, Tamara – Science Education, 2019
The vision for science proficiency presented in "A Framework for K-12 Science Education" calls for significant shifts in both teaching and assessment. In this paper, we describe an effort to develop and validate a set of "proximal transfer tasks" for high school biology classrooms where teachers were implementing a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, Guidelines, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ford, Michael J.; Wargo, Brian M. – Science Education, 2012
This article draws on M. M. Bakhtin's (1981) notion of dialogism to articulate what it means to understand a scientific idea. In science, understanding an idea is both conceptual and epistemic and is exhibited by an ability to use it in explanation and argumentation. Some distillation of these activities implies that dialogic understanding of a…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Observation, Evidence, Persuasive Discourse