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Hogan, Kathleen – Science Education, 2000
Introduces the ideas of "distal" knowledge of the nature of science and "proximal" knowledge of the nature of science. Suggests that viewing these two kinds of knowledge structures within modern information processing frameworks that delineate roles of epistemological and metacognitive knowledge in learning should guide future research. (Contains…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Elementary Secondary Education, Epistemology, Higher Education
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Laugksch, Rudiger C. – Science Education, 2000
Reviews the published literature in English on scientific literacy. Discusses the history and various factors that influence interpretations of the concept. (Contains 106 references.) (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Bezzi, Alfredo – Science Education, 1999
Investigates conceptions of the geosciences held by a university geology instructor and five students before and after a teaching intervention. Argues for the use of repertory grids to elicit personal constructs. Advocates targeting the societal aims of geological education within a constructivist framework. Contains 54 references. (Author/WRM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Constructivism (Learning), Earth Science, Educational Philosophy
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Labianca, Dominick A.; Reeves, William J. – Science Education, 1975
Describes the teaching of drug interactions to a college science class, using supplementary literary and historical information provided by a literature professor. (MLH)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Drug Education, Higher Education
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Fronk, Robert H. – Science Education, 1975
College undergraduates were divided into reading level groups then exposed to various reading instructional materials of two modes, reading and listening, and two types, manipulative and nonmanipulative. The listening mode in the manipulative unit was shown to be more efficient for all students regardless of reading level. (MLH)
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Research, Higher Education, Instruction
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Greenwood, Gordon E.; Renner, Richard R. – Science Education, 1975
Reviews literature on the validity of student ratings. Conflicting results are found; both positive and negative correlations have been found between student ratings and student achievement. Most researchers suggest that student ratings be used in combination with other kinds of data about teachers. (MLH)
Descriptors: College Faculty, Educational Research, Faculty Evaluation, Higher Education
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Lunetta, Vincent N. – Science Education, 1975
Describes the preservice science teacher-preparation program at the University of Iowa. Clinical experiences include training in self-instructional modules, individualized instruction, case studies, levels of intellectual development, teaching style, classroom communications, and elementary activity-centered teaching. (MLH)
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Curriculum, Educational Programs, Higher Education
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Repicky, Paul A.; Harty, Harold – Science Education, 1975
Discusses aspects of planning a science teacher education program, and ways to evaluate such programs. Describes a course for prospective secondary science teachers that is designed to aid in program evaluation. (MLH)
Descriptors: Educational Programs, Evaluation, Field Experience Programs, Higher Education
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Korpan, Connie A.; Bisanz, Gay L.; Bisanz, Jeffrey; Henderson, John M. – Science Education, 1997
Examines the types of requests for information made by university students (N=60) as they evaluate scientific news briefs. Student requests most often focus on how research is conducted and why results might occur. Contains 47 references. (DDR)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Critical Thinking, Higher Education, Knowledge Representation
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McDonald, Robert B. – Science Education, 1997
Describes a series of science programs that involve university students, elementary students, and their parents in hands-on science activities. Conclusions are based on qualitative data collected from observations of the cooperative groups formed by the participants. Contains 47 references. (DDR)
Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Concept Formation, Educational Strategies, Elementary Education
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Viglietta, Luisa – Science Education, 1996
Surveyed a sample of science education journals based on information provided by their editors about standing policy and practice with regard to publications. Focused on the problem of communication within and between the different sectors of the science education community from researchers to teachers. (Author/MKR)
Descriptors: Educational Researchers, Higher Education, Periodicals, Science Education
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Cannon, John R.; Scharmann, Lawrence C. – Science Education, 1996
Interviews and surveys using the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Inventory of (n=120) preservice elementary teachers' science teaching self-efficacy before and after planning and teaching a cooperative elementary science lesson at a local public school found evidence that early cooperative field experience had a positive influence on the…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Education Majors, Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers
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Ebenezer, Jazlin V. – Science Education, 1996
This study portrays Christian elementary preservice teachers' practical arguments based on their religious beliefs in an attempt to develop a relational view of teaching and learning science in a curriculum and instruction course. Concludes that science educators must be sensitive to these beliefs and assist teachers to study the teaching of…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Christianity, Education Majors, Elementary Education
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Southerland, Sherry A.; Gess-Newsome, Julie – Science Education, 1999
Interpretive analysis of preservice teachers' writings and discussions during an elementary-science methods course identified the teachers' positivist views of knowledge, learning, and teaching as prominent tools for guiding understanding of and reaction to ideas of teaching science to diverse student populations. Discusses the impact on teachers'…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Diversity (Student), Elementary Education, Higher Education
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Helms, Jenifer V.; Carlone, Heidi B. – Science Education, 1999
Proposes four formulations of the commonplaces of science based on distinct views of the nature of science, and explores the consequences of each. Argues that although each formulation has strengths, some commonplaces prove more comprehensive than others in capturing the essence of science for the purposes of developing curriculum, educating…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Models
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