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Heinze-Fry, Jane A.; Novak, Joseph D. – Science Education, 1990
Discussed is the use of concept mapping as a tool to enhance meaningful learning for college autotutorial biology students. Student attitudes toward concept mapping is described. The correlation between SAT scores and concept mapping was investigated. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, College Science, Concept Mapping
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Cornett, Jeffrey W.; And Others – Science Education, 1990
Presented are the findings of a naturalistic case study of science teacher thinking. The role of personal practical theories and curricular and instructional decisions is discussed. Suggested implications of understanding personal theorizing of science teachers and science teacher educators are included. (KR)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Cognitive Processes, College Science, Curriculum Design
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Veldhuis, G. Henry – Science Education, 1990
The nature of cluster analysis and dendograms, subjects, tasks, and results of this study are described. Categories for problems were based on assumptions about the methods used by novice and expert problem solvers in a physics context. (CW)
Descriptors: Classification, Cluster Analysis, Cognitive Structures, College Science
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Stedman, Carlton H. – Science Education, 1987
Discusses the history of American science and science education, with particular emphasis on the development of scientific inquiry and experimentation. Focuses primarily on the activities of individuals in the 1800's, and the introduction of science into secondary schools and higher education institutions in the early 1900's. (TW)
Descriptors: College Science, Higher Education, Inquiry, Science Education
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Tobin, Kenneth – Science Education, 1985
Describes strategy analysis procedures which enable preservice teachers to implement science lesson segments in a manner that was consistent with strategies incorporated into science teaching models. Conformity to the model was uniformly high for phases related to preparing the learner, investigation planning, and data processing. (JN)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary School Teachers, Higher Education, Methods Courses
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Hassan, Abdel Moneim Ahmed; Shrigley, Robert L. – Science Education, 1985
Determined if a written, persuasive communication would positively affect the attitudes of preservice teachers (N=98) and if the communication would differently affect subjects rated on three levels of self-esteem. Results indicate written persuasive communication could change the attitudes of the preservice elementary teachers in this study. (JN)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Chemistry, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers
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Olstad, Roger G.; Haury, David L. – Science Education, 1984
Reviews and analyzes science education research completed in 1982. Areas considered include: student and teacher characteristics and behavior; instructional strategies and environment; instructional materials and technology; curricula and programs; teacher education; research and evaluation practices; and science education policy and practice. (JN)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Research Methodology, Science Curriculum
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Garnett, Patrick J.; Tobin, Kenneth – Science Education, 1984
Determined that the majority of 299 preservice teachers did not use formal reasoning patterns when they attempted to solve a variety of problems. Results obtained for controlling variables and for proportional, probabilistic, correlational, and combinatorial reasoning are discussed with implications for middle/junior high school science teaching.…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Higher Education
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Holliday, William G.; And Others – Science Education, 1985
Presents a summary of science education research for 1983. The 422 reports reviewed were placed into one of seven clusters for analysis/discussion: learning and instruction; curriculum development and evaluation; cognitive development studies; test development; teacher education; science education research completed in foreign countries; and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Welch, Wayne W. – Science Education, 1985
Reviews science education research over the past decades, examining trends in research and noting emphases and gaps in the coverage of science teaching and learning issues addressed by the research. Areas addressed include the content (antecedent conditions), transaction (interactions), and outcomes (results of instruction) for the domain of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Beasley, Warren – Science Education, 1985
Analyzes three approaches (physical, mental, combined practice) to improving freshman chemistry psychomotor laboratory skills. Although no significant differences were found between treatments, there were significant differences when each was compared to the control sections. Mental practice appears to offer an efficient methods for reinforcement…
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education, Laboratory Procedures
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Yager, Robert E.; Zehr, Eric – Science Education, 1985
Surveyed 132 United States graduate programs in science education to determine enrollment trends. Doctoral graduates, science education faculty (number, age, rank, and types of degrees), university financial support, and employment patterns for doctoral graduates are reported for the 35 largest centers. Results indicate much slower growth since…
Descriptors: Doctoral Programs, Educational Trends, Graduate School Faculty, Graduate Study
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Gorodetsky, Malka; Hoz, Ron – Science Education, 1985
Employs latent partition analysis (a multivariate technique) to reveal pre/postcognitive structure of freshman engineering students (N=70) taking general chemistry. Similarities and dissimilarities among high and low scorers are discussed. Arguments for use of this statistical techniques are presented. (DH)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Structures, College Science, Higher Education
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Raven, Ronald – Science Education, 1985
Analyzes verbal and figural student concept schemes for environmental issues through aspects of differentiation (number of categories employed), discrimination (range of phenomena involved), and integration (efficiency of organizing method). Results indicate students (N=28) use discrimination most and integration least and constructed…
Descriptors: Classification, College Science, Concept Formation, Concept Mapping
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Rubba, Peter A.; Harkness, William L. – Science Education, 1993
Results of a multiple choice instrument, (sample of convenience, n=45 education students), indicate that preservice and inservice science teachers had similar views. Views are classified as "Naive,""Has Merit," and "Realistic." The majority (79%) of the inservice teachers and the largest percentage of the preservice…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Technology, High Schools, Higher Education
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