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Curran, F. Chris; Kitchin, James – Science Education, 2019
Recent work examining science test performance in the earliest grades of school has demonstrated that science test score gaps by race/ethnicity are apparent as early as kindergarten and that, in a number of cases, the racial/ethnic test score gaps in science are significantly larger than the corresponding gaps in reading or mathematics. This study…
Descriptors: Race, Ethnicity, Scores, Science Instruction
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McNeill, Katherine L.; Lowenhaupt, Rebecca J.; Katsh-Singer, Rebecca – Science Education, 2018
School principals play a key role as instructional leaders in reform efforts, yet little is known about their knowledge of science. A key focus in recent reform efforts is the inclusion of science practices, which are potentially a significant challenge for schools. Consequently, we investigated K-8 principals' views of good science instruction…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Principals, Science Instruction, Educational Change
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Varelas, Maria; Kane, Justine M.; Wylie, Caitlin Donahue – Science Education, 2011
We focused on young, low-income, African American children in first- to third-grade classrooms where they experienced varied forms of interactive, participatory, and dialogic pedagogy in the context of yearlong, integrated science-literacy instruction. Using conversations that started around children's own science journals, which were an important…
Descriptors: African American Students, African American Children, Classrooms, Literacy
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Pease, Maria A.; Kuhn, Deanna – Science Education, 2011
Problem-based learning (PBL) is widely endorsed as a desirable learning method, particularly in science. Especially in light of the method's heavy demand on resources, evidence-based practice is called for. Rigorous studies of the method's effectiveness, however, are scarce. In Study 1, college students enrolled in an elementary physics course…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Problem Based Learning, Physics, Teaching Methods
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Gotwals, Amelia Wenk; Songer, Nancy Butler – Science Education, 2010
Being able to make claims about what students know and can do in science involves gathering systematic evidence of students' knowledge and abilities. This paper describes an assessment system designed to elicit information from students at many placements along developmental trajectories and demonstrates how this system was used to gather…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Ecology, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes
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McDonald, Scott; Songer, Nancy Butler – Science Education, 2008
Translating written curricular materials into rich, complex, learning environments is an undertheorized area in science education. This study examines two critical cases of teachers enacting a technology-rich curriculum focused on the development of complex reasoning around biodiversity for fifth graders. Two elements emerged that significantly…
Descriptors: Biodiversity, Science Teachers, Science Education, Curriculum
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Enfield, Mark; Smith, Edward L.; Grueber, David J. – Science Education, 2008
This research reports on a study of curriculum materials development and use compared with the use of existing curriculum materials in an elementary classroom. The research explored the effect of explicit attention to epistemic practices in curriculum materials and the enactment of those materials. Epistemic practices include asking questions,…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Teaching Methods
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Acher, Andres; Arca, Maria; Sanmarti, Neus – Science Education, 2007
Modeling is being used in teaching learning science in a number of ways. It will be considered here as a process whereby children of primary school age exercise their capacity of organizing recognizable and manageable forms during their understanding of complex phenomenologies. The aim of this work is to characterize this process in relation to…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Case Studies, Learning Processes, Science Instruction
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Lewthwaite, Brian – Science Education, 2006
This inquiry examines the personal attribute and environmental factors that contribute to and impede science teacher-leader development. Using a narrative approach, the inquiry focuses on the experiences of three teachers in three different New Zealand primary schools (years 1-6) as they develop in their capabilities as science teacher-leaders…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Professional Development, Science Teachers, Elementary Education
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Volkmann, Mark J., Abell, Sandra K.; Zgagacz, Marta – Science Education, 2005
The purpose of this study was to understand how the professor, teaching assistant, and students experienced inquiry-based science instruction in an undergraduate physics course designed for elementary education majors. During the teaching of a 6-week electricity unit, the professor faced several challenges: knowing when and how to tell the…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Education Majors, Elementary Education, Teaching Assistants
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Davis, Kathleen S. – Science Education, 2003
Provides a critical analysis of the implementation of an innovative science curriculum at a middle school site. Explores the issues that surround teacher learning of new practices including the structures, policies, and practices that were in place within the reform context that supported or impeded teacher learning. Identifies parallels between…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Middle Schools
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Zady, Madelon F.; Portes, Pedro R.; Ochs, V. Dan – Science Education, 2003
Examines the cognitive supports that underlie achievement in science using a cultural historical framework and the activity setting (AS) construct with five features: personnel, motivation, scripts, task demands, and beliefs. Reports four emergent phenomena--science activities, the building of learning, meaning in lessons, and the conflict over…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Elementary Education, Learning Processes
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Carter, Glenda; Jones, M. Gail; Rua, Melissa – Science Education, 2003
Investigates high-achieving fifth-grade students' achievement gains and conceptual reorganization on convection. Features an instructional sequence of three dyadic inquiry investigations related to convection currents as well as pre- and post-assessment consisting of a multiple-choice test, a card sorting task, construction of a concept map, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Class Activities, Concept Formation, Concept Mapping
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Girod, Mark; Rau, Cheryl; Schepige, Adele – Science Education, 2003
Articulates the major components of aesthetic understanding, pedagogy designed to foster it, and the results of a pilot study designed to investigate its effectiveness. Survey results indicate that the pedagogical moves were effective in scaffolding aesthetic understanding in treatment class students. (Author/SOE)
Descriptors: Aesthetics, Elementary Education, Interviews, Science Curriculum
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Plucker, Jonathan A. – Science Education, 2002
Investigates 55 6th grade students' conceptions of "invention and patent processes". Suggests that students have few or simplistic conceptions of invention and patent processes and prior exposure to invention instruction, or previous experiences with inventing did not appear to have an impact on students' conceptions of invention. (Contains 70…
Descriptors: Art, Concept Formation, Elementary Education, Grade 6
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