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Kuhn, David J.; Novak, Joseph D. – Science Education, 1971
In two investigations students who read an "organizer" before studying biological material scored higher after the learning sessions, and on retention tests, than students who read an historical passage prior to instruction. (AL)
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Biology, Cognitive Processes, College Science
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Hacket, Dorothy; Holt Imy V. – Science Education, 1973
Describes an audiotutorial program in Biological Science offered to non-science majors at Western Michigan University and reports the results of an evaluative investigation relating to this program. (JR)
Descriptors: Biology, College Science, Course Descriptions, Course Evaluation
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Cody, John T.; Treagust, David F. – Science Education, 1977
Utilizes a pretest-posttest design to determine if participants (N=26) exhibit significant gains in organic, inorganic, and biological chemistry concepts as the result of a six-week summer program. Significant gains in these areas and in an understanding of the methods and procedures used in scientific explanation are found. (CP)
Descriptors: Achievement, Biochemistry, Chemistry, College Science
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Murray, Darrell L. – Science Education, 1978
Presents findings of a study on the visual perceptual dimension of cognitive structure as it relates to achievement in college biology. Results indicate a possibility of using visual recall probes for the early detection of learning differences related to achievement. (SL)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Biology, College Science, Educational Research
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Butzow, John W.; Williams, Clarence M. – Science Education, 1977
Utilizes a factor analyst technique on the scores of college freshmen responding to a form of Osgood's semantic differential instrument. A three-dimensional vectorial model is constructed to explain involvement in science. (CP)
Descriptors: Attitudes, College Science, Educational Research, Higher Education
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Herron, J. Dudley; And Others – Science Education, 1976
This study utilized the instructional methods of discovery teaching and expository presentation to investigate the concept development of students in a remedial college chemistry class. Results indicate that the two sets of instructional materials did not lead to the same understanding of the concept. (BT)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Concept Formation, Educational Research
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Frangos, George J. – Science Education, 1977
Ninety-two students enrolled in a physical science course for nonscience majors were tested to determine their understanding of the scientific enterprise, attitudes towards science, and understanding of solid matter and techniques of investigation. Results indicated the course contributed to improving all factors investigated. (SL)
Descriptors: Achievement, Attitudes, College Science, Course Evaluation
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Mayer, Victor J. – Science Education, 1976
A follow-up study of teacher education programs in earth science reveals few changes in instructional methods and course requirements, and shows little progress in adopting nationally-developed recommendations for an interdisciplinary approach. (MLH)
Descriptors: College Science, Curriculum, Earth Science, Educational Research
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Thorsland, Martin N. – Science Education, 1975
Students enrolled in an audio-tutorial section of an introductory college physics course responded more favorably than did students in the lecture section on a student questionnaire concerned with attitudes toward the course and laboratory. (MLH)
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Research, Higher Education, Individualized Instruction
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Williams, Russell B. – Science Education, 1975
Reports a study attempting to measure the extent of the loss of knowledge of chemistry among physiology students, to determine the chemistry knowledge most frequently forgotten, and to devise a laboratory program to strengthen the chemistry background of the students. (EB)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Chemistry, College Science, Educational Research
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Grandits, Dianna P.; Young, Darrell D. – Science Education, 1975
Reports a study of trends noted in science course selection methods. Information gathered is thought to be useful to college planning committees and administrators at college level in attracting the stereotyped, fearful nonscience majors to science courses. (EB)
Descriptors: College Science, College Students, Curriculum, Educational Research
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Sunal, Dennis W. – Science Education, 1978
Reports a study of the relationship between ability to perform science process skills and teaching behaviors of 169 preservice elementary teachers. Results indicate the level of ability to perform science process skill tasks is not related to teacher classroom behaviors consistent with teacher roles in new elementary science curricula. (SL)
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Research, Higher Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Boulanger, F. David – Science Education, 1978
Reports a study to determine if the formal capabilities of 81 elementary education preservice teachers would be enhoused from problem solving instruction with manipulative feedback or with pictorial feedback. Results indicate the manipulative mode was clearly superior in student attitudinal responses and achievement. (SL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, College Science, Educational Research, Feedback
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Yeany, Russell H., Jr. – Science Education, 1978
Reports a study utilizing self evaluation of videotaped teaching session by preservice secondary science teachers, on a ten point teaching strategy scale, from expository/direct to inductive/indirect, to assess the effects of microteaching and strategy analysis. Results indicate that systematic self analysis has a significant influence on teaching…
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Research, Higher Education, Microteaching
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Esquivel, Juan M.; And Others – Science Education, 1978
Reports a study of the effect of source of feedback on the attitudes and ability of 92 preservice elementary teachers to employ specific teacher behaviors. Results indicate that source of feedback, or no feedback, made no difference in the demonstration of specific behaviors. (SL)
Descriptors: College Science, Educational Research, Feedback, Higher Education
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