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Chase, Catherine C.; Malkiewich, Laura; Kumar, Aakash S. – Science Education, 2019
A persistent problem in engineering-focused science instruction is the "design--science gap," whereby learners focus on building successful engineering products, instead of focusing on the relevant scientific principles. This research explores (a) whether integrating contrasting cases into engineering activities can impact how deeply…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Principles, Instructional Design
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Piqueras, Jesús; Achiam, Marianne – Science Education, 2019
Educators' work is a key element in museums' learning experience, yet knowledge about their professional development is still limited. In this study, we followed three science museum educators' professional growth during collaboration with researchers, with special focus on the introduction of research-based frameworks in their practice. To…
Descriptors: Science Education, Museums, Faculty Development, Science Teachers
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Sbeglia, Gena C.; Nehm, Ross H. – Science Education, 2019
Theoretical perspectives and empirical research suggest that acceptance of evolution may be contingent upon what is evolving (e.g., plants vs. humans) and the scale of change (microevolution vs. macroevolution). The Inventory of Student Evolution Acceptance (I-SEA) is the only instrument designed to measure acceptance at different evolutionary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Evolution, Attitude Measures
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Pattison, Scott A.; Dierking, Lynn D. – Science Education, 2019
Fostering interest in science is critical for broadening engagement with science topics, careers, and hobbies. Research suggests that these interests begin to form as early as preschool and have long-term implications for participation and learning. However, scholars have only speculated on the processes that shape interest development at this…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Science Interests, Parent Child Relationship, Low Income Students
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Perez, Tony; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Barger, Michael M.; Schwartz-Bloom, Rochelle D.; Lee, You-kyung; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Science Education, 2019
Despite efforts to attract and maintain diverse students in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) pipeline, issues with attrition from undergraduate STEM majors persist. The aim of this study was to examine how undergraduate science students' competence beliefs, task values, and perceived costs in science combine into motivational…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Academic Persistence, Majors (Students)
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Kang, Hosun; Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna; Simpkins, Sandra; Rhee, Hyang-yon; Turner, Chandler – Science Education, 2019
This study explores ways to support girls of color in forming their senses of selves in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) during the middle school years. Guided by social practice theory, we analyzed a large data set of survey responses (n = 1,821) collected at five middle schools in low-income communities across four states in the…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Females, Minority Group Students, STEM Education
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Green, André M.; Brand, Brenda R.; Glasson, George E. – Science Education, 2019
African American undergraduates' decision to change from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors while enrolled at a predominantly White university was the focus of this study. Through open-ended interviews, the students discussed circumstances leading to their nonpersistence. Commonly published reports on the lower…
Descriptors: African American Students, Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Majors (Students)
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Finkelstein, Carla; Jaber, Lama Z.; Dini, Vesal – Science Education, 2019
This paper focuses on interactions in a science professional development (PD) course in which participating teachers engaged in doing science. Whereas the PD design of this course aligned with research on effective PD practices, we found that these practices did not sufficiently account for the affective and relational dynamics that unfolded in…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Faculty Development, Discourse Analysis
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Grimes, Paul; McDonald, Scott; van Kampen, Paul – Science Education, 2019
Sense-making and argumentation are two common ways to frame student discourse. The former emphasizes the process of students coming to an understanding, the latter the logical and rhetorical structure of the product. When we investigated the discourse of two groups of preservice science teachers in an environment that fosters productive…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Comprehension, Persuasive Discourse, Preservice Teachers
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Grinath, Anna S.; Southerland, Sherry A. – Science Education, 2019
Orchestrating opportunities for students to engage in scientific talk in the classroom is challenging for most teachers and even more so for novice teaching assistants (TAs) who typically instruct introductory science laboratories at the postsecondary level. This study was designed to understand how TA moves are related to instances of scientific…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Biology, College Science
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Braaten, Melissa – Science Education, 2019
Learning to teach within and across the settings of teacher education coursework and field experience in local schools is subject to the "two-worlds pitfall," where practices, norms, expectations, tools, and other aspects of teaching can be jarringly different. This remains an ever-present dilemma for preservice teachers, their teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Teaching Methods, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education
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Mikeska, Jamie N.; Holtzman, Steven; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Liu, Shuangshuang; Shattuck, Tamara – Science Education, 2019
Despite the prevalent use of observational measures in teacher evaluation systems, research has only recently begun to take into account how aspects of the instructional environment and lesson sampling design may interact with teachers' scores on these measures. Instead, one assumption guiding current evaluation systems is that the variation in…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Evaluation Methods, Lesson Observation Criteria, Science Teachers
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Levrini, Olivia; Levin, Mariana; Fantini, Paola; Tasquier, Giulia – Science Education, 2019
This paper investigates how features of teaching practice may foster appropriation: learning that involves both deep conceptual understanding and transforming scientific discourse in a way that is significant for oneself. Data were drawn from classroom discussions during a unit on thermodynamics that took place in a high school in Italy. We…
Descriptors: Discussion (Teaching Technique), Thermodynamics, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Ryu, Minjung; Sikorski, Tiffany-Rose – Science Education, 2019
Visions of Next Generation Science Standards-aligned instruction place high discursive demands on learners. Learners are expected to articulate, develop, and defend their ideas and respond to the ideas of others. Decades of prior research have carefully documented features, processes, and potential benefits and shortcomings of an emphasis on talk…
Descriptors: Korean Americans, Immigrants, Science Instruction, Clubs
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González-Howard, María – Science Education, 2019
Supporting student engagement in science practices requires rethinking how classroom learning occurs, specifically in terms of the interactions that help students build their own knowledge. The types of student-driven exchanges fundamental to the science practice of argumentation differ greatly from traditional classroom interactions. To help…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Network Analysis, Interaction, Persuasive Discourse
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