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Showing 76 to 90 of 157 results Save | Export
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Cook, Michelle; Wiebe, Eric N.; Carter, Glenda – Science Education, 2008
Previous research has indicated that the use of multiple representations with macroscopic and molecular features can improve conceptual understanding; however, the influence of prior knowledge of the domain cannot be overlooked. Using eye-tracking technology and sequential analysis, this study investigated how high school students (n = 54) with…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Molecular Biology, Teaching Methods, Prior Learning
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Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A. – Science Education, 2008
Curriculum materials are a crucial tool with which teachers engage in teaching practice. For preservice teachers to learn to use science curriculum materials in productive ways, they must develop a conception of themselves as elementary teachers in which the use of science curriculum materials is a valued dimension of science-teaching practice. We…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses
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Windschitl, Mark; Thompson, Jessica; Braaten, Melissa – Science Education, 2008
One hundred years after its conception, the scientific method continues to reinforce a kind of cultural lore about what it means to participate in inquiry. As commonly implemented in venues ranging from middle school classrooms to undergraduate laboratories, it emphasizes the testing of predictions rather than ideas, focuses learners on material…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scientific Methodology, Scientific Principles, Science Laboratories
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Jacobs, Christina L.; Martin, Sonya N.; Otieno, Tracey C. – Science Education, 2008
In evaluating the success of teacher development programs, valid and scalable measures of teaching practice are needed. We have developed and validated the Science Lesson Plan Analysis Instrument (SLPAI) for quantitative evaluation of teacher-generated multiday lesson plans. This paper presents the SLPAI as a complement to surveys and classroom…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Program Evaluation, Observation, Program Effectiveness
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Carter, Lyn – Science Education, 2008
This paper reviews the significant sociocultural literatures on science studies, cultural diversity, and sustainability science to develop theoretical perspectives for science education more suitable to the challenges of contemporaneity. While the influences of science studies and cultural diversity are not uncommon within the science education…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Cultural Pluralism, Beginning Teachers
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Krajcik, Joseph; McNeill, Katherine L.; Reiser, Brian J. – Science Education, 2008
Reform efforts in science education emphasize the importance of rigorous treatment of science standards and use of innovative pedagogical approaches to make science more meaningful and successful. In this paper, we present a learning-goals-driven design model for developing curriculum materials, which combines national standards and a…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Curriculum Design, National Standards, Educational Change
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Norris, Stephen P.; Phillips, Linda M.; Smith, Martha L.; Guilbert, Sandra M.; Stange, Donita M.; Baker, Jeff J.; Weber, Andrea C. – Science Education, 2008
This paper describes a comprehensive set of studies designed to assess the potential for commercial reading programs to teach reading in science. Specific questions focus on the proportion of selections in the programs that contain science and the amount of science that is in those selections, on the genres in which the science is portrayed, on…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Reading Programs, Program Effectiveness, Literary Genres
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Tan, Edna; Barton, Angela Calabrese – Science Education, 2008
Identity formation is a critical dimension of how and why students engage in science to varying degrees. In this paper, we use the lens of identity formation, and in particular identities in practice, to make sense of how and why Melanie, over the course of sixth grade, transformed from a marginalized member of the science class with a failing…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Longitudinal Studies, Urban Schools, Poverty
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Hatzinikita, Vassilia; Dimopoulos, Kostas; Christidou, Vasilia – Science Education, 2008
The paper compares the nature of the textual construction of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) science test items and the Greek school science textbooks. This nature is determined by the interplay of the notions of classification (content specialization) and formality (code specialization) modulated by both the linguistic…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Specialization, Test Construction, Comparative Analysis
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Buck, Gayle A.; Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Leslie-Pelecky, Diandra; Lu, Yun; Cerda-Lizarraga, Particia – Science Education, 2008
Women remain underrepresented in science professions. Studies have shown that students are more likely to select careers when they can identify a role model in that career path. Further research has shown that the success of this strategy is enhanced by the use of gender-matched role models. While prior work provides insights into the value of…
Descriptors: Careers, Feminism, Role Models, Women Scientists
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Lee, Okhee; Lewis, Scott; Adamson, Karen; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Secada, Walter G. – Science Education, 2008
This study examined urban elementary teachers' knowledge and practices in teaching science while supporting English language development of English language learning (ELL) students. As part of a larger 5-year research project in the United States, the study involved 38 third-grade teachers who participated in the first-year implementation of a…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teacher Characteristics, Second Language Learning, Teacher Workshops
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Novey, Levi T.; Hall, Troy E. – Science Education, 2007
Auditory forms of nonpersonal communication have rarely been evaluated in informal settings like parks and museums. This study evaluated the effect of an interpretive audio tour on visitor knowledge and social behavior at Carlsbad Caverns National Park. A cross-sectional pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design compared the responses of audio…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Quasiexperimental Design
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Dean, David, Jr.; Kuhn, Deanna – Science Education, 2007
D. Klahr and M. Nigam (2004) make a case for the superiority of direct instruction over discovery learning in students' mastery of the control-of-variables strategy central to the scientific method. In the present work, we examine acquisition of this strategy among students of the same age as those studied by Klahr and Nigam, as well as follow…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Socioeconomic Background, Scientific Methodology, Discovery Learning
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Jones, Mark T.; Eick, Charles J. – Science Education, 2007
Two elementary certified middle school science teachers are studied for changes in practical knowledge supporting the implementation of kit-based inquiry as part of a schoolwide reform effort. Emphasis is placed on studying how these two pilot teachers enact guided inquiry within their unique pedagogical and curricular interests, and what…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Science Teachers, Middle Schools, Knowledge Base for Teaching
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Milne, Catherine; Otieno, Tracey – Science Education, 2007
Although beloved of some chemists and physicists, science demonstrations have been criticized for stifling inquiry and assisting teachers to maintain a power differential between themselves and students in the classroom. This interpretive study reports the unexpected positive learning outcomes for urban science students in two chemistry classes…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Demonstrations (Educational), Student Motivation
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