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Konneman, Christiane; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus – Science Education, 2016
The main aim of this paper is to describe high school students' attitudes concerning evolution and creation, with a focus on (1) attitudes toward evolutionary theory, (2) attitudes toward the Biblical accounts of creation, (3) creationist beliefs, and (4) scientistic beliefs. Latent class analyses revealed seven attitude profiles in a sample of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes
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Roth, Wolff-Michael; Jornet, Alfredo – Science Education, 2014
"Experience" is one of the most used terms in (science) education, and it is recognized as being related to learning (education). Yet "what" experience is and "how" it is related to learning and change remains untheorized. In this paper, we mainly draw on the work of J. Dewey and L. S. Vygotsky but also on M. Bakhtin…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Concepts, Experience, Philosophy
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Nielsen, Jan Alexis – Science Education, 2012
This paper presents a normative pragmatics analysis of students' use of science content in eight socioscientific group discussions about human gene therapy. The specific focus of the paper is on the argumentative role that invocations of science had in the dialectics of the discussions. The analysis suggests that science content occasionally…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Science Instruction, Genetics
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Deng, Feng; Chen, Der-Thanq; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chai, Ching Sing – Science Education, 2011
This review examines 105 empirical studies that investigate students' views of the nature of science (VNOS), effects of curricular interventions on changing students' VNOS, and relations between VNOS and demographics, majors, and learning of science. The reviewed studies can be categorized into three theoretical frameworks: the unidimension, the…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Research Methodology, Scientific Principles, Literature Reviews
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van Eijck, Michiel; Hsu, Pei-Ling; Roth, Wolff-Michael – Science Education, 2009
In the science education research literature, it often appears to be assumed that students "possess" more or less stable "images of science" that directly correspond to their experiences with scientific practice in science curricula. From cultural-historical and sociocultural perspectives, this assumption is problematic because scientific…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Biology, Literature, Science Education
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Simpson, Jamila S.; Parsons, Eileen Carlton – Science Education, 2009
This qualitative study examined the perspectives of African American parents as it pertained to informal science education. The following questions guided this study: (1) What are the desires of African American parents/guardians with respect to informal science programs and experiences for their children?; (2) What happens in Jordan Academy, an…
Descriptors: African American Students, Sociocultural Patterns, Science Programs, Enrichment Activities
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Buck, Gayle A.; Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Leslie-Pelecky, Diandra; Lu, Yun; Cerda-Lizarraga, Particia – Science Education, 2008
Women remain underrepresented in science professions. Studies have shown that students are more likely to select careers when they can identify a role model in that career path. Further research has shown that the success of this strategy is enhanced by the use of gender-matched role models. While prior work provides insights into the value of…
Descriptors: Careers, Feminism, Role Models, Women Scientists
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Novey, Levi T.; Hall, Troy E. – Science Education, 2007
Auditory forms of nonpersonal communication have rarely been evaluated in informal settings like parks and museums. This study evaluated the effect of an interpretive audio tour on visitor knowledge and social behavior at Carlsbad Caverns National Park. A cross-sectional pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design compared the responses of audio…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Quasiexperimental Design
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Chang, Chun-Yen; Hsiao, Chien-Hua; Barufaldi, James P. – Science Education, 2006
This study examines the possibilities of differential impacts on students' earth science learning outcomes between different preferred-actual learning environment spaces by using a newly developed ESCLEI (Earth Science Classroom Learning Environment Instrument). The instrument emphasizes three simultaneously important classroom components:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Educational Environment, Earth Science
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Dagher, Zoubeida R.; Boujaoude, Saouma – Science Education, 2005
This study explored how some college students understand the nature of the theory of evolution and how they evaluate its scientific status. We conducted semistructured interviews with 15 college biology seniors in which we asked them to explain why they think evolution assumes the status of a scientific theory, how it compares to other scientific…
Descriptors: Theories, Evolution, Undergraduate Students, Student Reaction
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Buxton, Cory A. – Science Education, 2005
This paper reports on a 3-year study of a half-day urban magnet high school founded upon a desire to provide rigorous science, math, and technology experiences to students who would not otherwise have access to such educational opportunities. Using the theoretical lens of how a model of an educated person gets culturally produced within the school…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Academic Achievement, Urban Schools, Magnet Schools
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Chang, Chun-Yen; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Science Education, 2005
This evaluation study investigated the effects of a teacher-centered versus student-centered computer-assisted instruction (CAI) on 10th graders' earth science student learning outcomes. This study also explored whether the effects of different forms of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) on student learning outcomes were influenced by student…
Descriptors: Grade 10, Teaching Methods, Student Attitudes, Educational Environment
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Sandoval, William A. – Science Education, 2005
It has long been a goal of science education in the United States that students leave school with a robust understanding of the nature of science. Decades of research show that this does not happen. Inquiry-based instruction is advocated as a means for developing such understanding, although there is scant direct evidence that it does. There is a…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science Education, Epistemology, Inquiry
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Kozoll, Richard H.; Osborne, Margery D. – Science Education, 2004
Despite the many hours students spend studying science, only a few relate to these subjects in such a manner that it becomes a part of their essential worldview and advances their education in a larger sense--one in which they make a connection to the subject matter so that it becomes a source of inspiration and occupies a formative position in…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, High Risk Students, Case Studies, Interviews
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Zacharia, Zacharias; Barton, Angela Calabrese – Science Education, 2004
Recent studies have shown that urban students and students of color have exceptionally negative attitudes toward school science and their futures in that field as compared with white students and nonurban students. In this paper we summarize research findings on students' attitudes toward science. We note that most of the studies of students'…
Descriptors: Negative Attitudes, White Students, Urban Schools, Student Attitudes
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